重大固定污染源評鑑及查核工作計畫

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中文摘要 收集完成歷年戴奧辛及異味污染源工廠定性定量檢測資料,並進行比對分析,掌握主要污染源不合格率及陳情次數,進行法規符合度分析及工廠基本資料庫建置,作為本計畫工廠評鑑名單之篩選參考。 戴奧辛篩選名單主要以具超標紀錄者為主,並增納電弧爐未積極採管末處理者、民眾陳情或關切之污染源(例如火化場)及環保署指定之污染源。異味篩選名單參酌歷年異味陳情資料庫及環保局提供之名單,經由設定陳情次數、工廠規模……等權重指標,召開專家諮詢會議修正篩選原則及結果。再經由與學者專家及環保局之訪談,依其實務經驗及管制現況獲得30家戴奧辛及50家異味工廠評鑑名單,召開研商會向各縣市環保局說明後續評鑑作業方式及配合事項,會後並與縣市環保局確認最終評鑑工廠名單,環保署並於99年5月28日正式發函給80家評鑑工廠啟動本計畫之現場評鑑工作。 本計畫並蒐集戴奧辛及異味污染物國外管制目標及防制策略,包括日本、歐盟、美國、紐西蘭、英國等戴奧辛及異味污染物相關管制歷程及法規現況,作為國內戴奧辛及異味污染物未來管制之參考。 依據規劃完成之現場評鑑標準作業程序,已於99年10月完成所有現場評鑑及查核作業,包括30家戴奧辛及51家異味工廠,彙整評鑑委員意見並完成81家受評鑑工廠之書面專檔,將提供給縣市環保局作為後續改善追蹤之參考。 本計畫評鑑發現的問題舉例說明如下:火化場之戴奧辛來自於棺木漆料及陪葬品燃燒所產生,且火化場於民俗好日子之使用量大增,導致燃燒效率降低,多數火化爐防制設備老舊或未安裝,無法妥善去除戴奧辛。針對20種行業之異味污染問題,歸納其產生來源包括原料、製程逸散、廢氣收集效率不足、廢水處理廠逸散、防制設備操作設計不當等產生。例如瀝青拌合業,其異味來自於加熱拌合之逸散及管道排氣,需著重良好之防制設備設計及操作維護管理。 本計畫已委託學者專家進行2種戴奧辛及3種異味行業別技術手冊之編撰,並透過專家學者提供修正意見並召開專諮會進行手冊編修及定稿。彙整戴奧辛及異味污染物各類製程最佳可行控制技術及防制設備成本資料,並以瀝青拌合業為例進行防制設備單位成本分析,提供相關業者進行污染改善之參考。 已依據環保署歷年異味污染物執行成果,研擬畜牧業及堆肥業防制措施管理辦法草案,另針對近2年瀝青拌合業之異味污染問題,綜合北區督察大隊及台北縣環保局之稽查管制成果,提出瀝青拌合業管制規範草案,作為環保署後續推動該行業異味管制工作之參考。
中文關鍵字 戴奧辛、異味污染物、管制策略
英文標題 Major Stationary Pollution Evaluation and Examination Project.
英文摘要 This plan collected and analyzed yearly test data of quality and quantity for dioxin and odor producing factories. In order to control the unqualified status and reports of major pollution sources, this plan analyzed the application of the law for the data and established a dioxin and odor producing factory database, which was a reference for the factory evaluation list. The dioxin producing factory list mainly contained unqualified status. Later the Arc furnace that has no pollution control device and the public reports or public concerns about pollution sources (ex. crematorium ) were added to the list. The pollution sources which the EPA had specifically listed were also added. The odor producing factory list referenced past reports and to the lists created by the EPB. It also referred to the significant index of the public report frequency and the factory scale in order to adjust the list at the conference. This plan helped scholars, experts and the EPB communicate so that related experiences and present source controls could be provided. There were 30 dioxin and 50 odor factories listed for evaluation. Moreover, a meeting was held to explain the follow-up actions to each local EPB resulting in a final factory list for evaluation. The EPA had sent out an official letter to 80 factories on May 28, 2010 in order to complete an on-the-spot evaluation. This plan collected foreign control targets and strategies of both dioxin and odor pollutants for domestic reference and future control, including pollutant control processes and present regulations in Japan, the European Union, United States, New Zealand and Great Britain. This plan completed an on-the-spot evaluation of standard processes, and completed all of the on-the-spot evaluations and examinations in October 2010; these evaluations included 30 dioxin and 51 odor producing factories. It combined opinions from the evaluation committees and established files on 81 evaluated factories. This will be a recommendation to each local EPB for future improvement. The following are the results from the evaluations. 1) Dioxin is produced at the crematorium due to the combustion of coffin paint and the incineration of various mortuary objects. Furthermore, the crematorium is utilized at high capacity during auspicious days resulting in lower combustion efficiency. Most cremators have exceeded their equipment’s designed life span, or lack the appropriate equipment resulting in dioxin pollution. 2) Concerning the odor pollution of 20 different industries, the sources come from materials, fugitive processes, fugitive on waste water processing station, inappropriate operations and poor design of control equipment. For example, when mixing and heating asphalt, the odor comes from fugitive and venting. Therefore, appropriate equipment design, proper operations and regular maintenance are required. This plan requested scholars and subject matter experts to draft the technology manual for two dioxin and three odor producing industries. The manual was amended and a counsel meeting was held to revise and finalize the manual. This plan also combined the information of the best available control technology and cost of control equipment for dioxin and odor pollutants. It also analyzed the unit cost of the proper control equipment in order to provide a reference to other related industries for improvement. According to the past EPA control results for reducing odor pollutants, the draft of control measures was created for the animal husbandry and the compost industry. As to the odor pollution of asphalt mixing in the past two years, this plan combined the control inspection results from the EPA Executive Yuan of north area and the EPB in New Taipei City, and then drafted the control regulations for asphalt mixing. This provides the EPA odor control reference for the follow-up actions.
英文關鍵字 dioxin、odor factories 、control strategics
施政分類 大氣空氣/固定污染源防制/有害空氣污染物管制
專案類型 行政及政策類專案計畫 計畫經費 5500千元
專案計畫編號 EPA-98-FA12-03-A179 經費年度 098年度
專案開始日期 2009/10/30 主辦單位 空保處
專案結束日期 2010/10/29 承辦人 黎揚輝
專案主持人 王義輝 執行單位 鼎環工程顧問股份有限公司
協同主持人 計畫聯絡信箱
共同主持人 羅鈞 計畫聯絡人
    計畫聯絡電話
專案審查者 專案審查時間
專案核對者 專案核對時間
類型 檔名 說明
期末報告 EPA98FA1103A184.pdf(57.7MB) 公開完整版
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