107年臺中市固定污染源許可、空污費管制查核暨空氣品質維護綜合管理計畫

中文摘要 本計畫工作包括:規劃空氣品質管制議題、許可管制、空污費審查、固定污染源查核等項目。依據國家排放量清冊解析結果,各類細懸浮微粒排放源中以柴油車、電力業、車輛行駛揚塵、建築施工等項目的排放量較高,為當前空污管制關鍵議題,因此擬定電力業減量、柴油車汰舊管理、綠色交通計畫、公共工程空污加嚴管制等空污改善策略,透過市政府空氣污染減量工作小組平臺,跨局處推動各項管制工作,統計至107年第3季,已累積削減細懸浮微粒2,508公噸。本計畫亦協助環保局規劃臺中市空氣品質惡化防制措施,並輔導88家排放量前30大工廠提報防制計畫,於空氣品質惡化時配合降載減排,其中台中發電廠自104年11月實施環保友善降載以來,截至107年12月31日止計執行降載427次,減少發電量35.45億度,細懸浮微粒減量107.41公噸。為加速空氣品質改善,市府於105年頒布管制生煤自治條例,並於106年11月利用許可證展延審查,核減台○○○廠500萬噸生煤,實踐自治條例減煤核心精神。此外搭配許可展延、異動時機,持續辦理許可排放量削減回收,總計回收粒狀污染物256.49公噸、硫氧化物246.04公噸、氮氧化物227.64公噸、揮發性有機物78.99公噸。空污費管制對象新增列管357家,停工解除列管34家,總列管家數達1970家,雖管制家數較106年提升,但107年之硫氧化物與氮氧化物排放量反較106年降低,主要原因和台○○○廠污染減量有關;計畫執行期間完成106年第4季至107年第2季空污費審查工作,並核算催繳825萬0,071元。另,臺中市鍋爐空氣污染物排放標準於106年6月20日公告,搭配市府經發局推行的企業加熱設備改用天然氣補助方案,以加嚴管制和獎勵補助雙軌並行,推動鍋爐改用潔淨燃料,迄今已有157家業者申請補助,其中118家完成改善。計畫期間計執行固定污染源法規符合度查核316件,其中26件違反法規,已移由環保局告發處分,違規原因包括未取得操作許可證逕行操作、未依許可證核定內容操作、空氣污染物未妥善收集處理。在稽查檢測方面,目前完成68件次抽測,9件不符排放標準。
中文關鍵字 空氣品質,環保署考評,細懸浮微粒,許可,空氣污染防制費,連續自動監測設施,揮發性有機物,固定污染源、法規符合度查核、空污事件緊急應變

基本資訊

專案計畫編號 經費年度 107年度 計畫經費 49,500千元
專案開始日期 2018/02/07 專案結束日期 2018/12/31 專案主持人 卓啟弘
主辦單位 臺中市政府環境保護局 承辦人 劉易璁 執行單位 台灣曼寧工程顧問股份有限公司

成果下載

類型 檔名 說明
期末報告 107年臺中市固定污染源許可、空污費管制查核暨空氣品質維護綜合管理計畫期末報告定稿本.pdf(58.4MB) 107年臺中市固定污染源許可、空污費管制查核暨空氣品質維護綜合管理計畫期末報告定稿本

Permit, Air Pollution Fees and Inspection for Stationary Pollution Sources with Air Quality Maintenance Management Project of Taichung City, 2018

英文摘要 This Plan includes: planning of air quality control issues, permit management, air pollution fees reviews, fixed pollution source examination and other projects. According to the analytic results of Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS 9.0), emissions from diesel vehicles, electric power industry, vehicle-generated dust, and construction projects are relatively high among various types of PM2.5 emission sources, which are the key current issues in air pollution control. Therefore, the air pollution mitigation strategies such as the reduction in the power generation industry, the elimination of old diesel vehicles, the green traffic management measures, and the tightening of air pollution control in public construction were pushed forward through inter-agency cooperation and the platform of the City Government Air Pollution Working Group. According to the statistics, the cumulative reduction of PM2.5 was 2,508 metric tons by the end of third quarter 2017. In addition, we assisted the Environmental Protection Bureau in planning Taichung City Deteriorating Air Quality Control Measures and gave guidance to the top 30 largest emitters of gas out of 88 factories in submitting reports on the prevention and control plan as well as cooperating with load shedding and emission reduction when the air quality deteriorated. Among them, the Taichung Power Plant had carried out load shedding 427 times till December 31th 2018 with reduction of power generation by 3.545 billion kWh and PM2.5 by 107.41 metric tons since the implementation of friendly load shedding for environmental protection in November 2015. In order to speed up air quality improvement, the City Government promulgated the Regulations Regarding Autonomous Control of Bituminous Coal in 2016, and approved the ○○○○ Plant’s bituminous coal deduction of up to 5 million tons by making use of the licensing review extension and changing timing in November 2017 to realize the core spirit of coal deduction essentially implied in the autonomous decree. Further, we continued to handle the permission to recycle the licensed emissions reduced, and recovered a total of 256.49 metric tons of particulate pollutants, 246.04 metric tons of sulfur oxides, 227.64 metric tons of nitrogen oxides and78.99 metric tons of volatile organic compounds. There were 357 new pollution controlled targets, while 34 targets’ operations were suspended, and a total of 1,970 targets were being controlled. Although the number of controlled targets was higher than in 2018, the emissions of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides from 2018 were lower than 2017, mainly because of the pollutant reduction at ○○○○ Plant. During the implementation of the Plan, we completed the pollution fees audit from the fourth quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2018, computed and pushed payment of 825 million and 0,071 NTD. In addition, the “Taichung City Emissions of Criteria Pollutants and Hazardous Air Pollutants in Boilers” was announced on June 20, 2017. With the Subsidy Program for the Use Converted to Natural Gas in Reheating Equipment for Enterprises, which was put into effect by the City Government's Economic Development Bureau, we pushed forward the conversion into clean fuel for the use in boilers through dual-track approach including “strengthening control” and “supporting subsidies”, and a number of 157 companies have applied for subsidies so far, of which 118 have completed improvement. During the plan period, the conformity inspection of fixed pollution sources in 316 cases were completed, 26 of which were in violation of laws and regulations and were accused and sanctioned by the Environmental Protection Bureau. Reasons for non-compliance included operating without operator’s licenses, operating without complying with approved license content and failure to properly collect, treat and dispose of air pollutants. With respect to the inspection of testing, 68 sample tests have been completed as of now, 9 failed to meet the emission standards.
英文關鍵字 air quality, EPA evaluation, PM2.5, permit, air pollution fees, CEMS, VOCs, Stationary Pollution Source, Checks for Mandatory Compliance, emergency action on air pollution incident.