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柴油車污染源稽查管制計畫(106年-107年)

 專案計畫編號
 經費年度 106年度
 計畫經費 14,880千元
 專案開始日期 2017/10/24
 專案結束日期 2018/10/23
 專案主持人
 主辦單位 新北市政府環境保護局
 承辦人 曹宏儒
 執行單位 瑩諮科技股份有限公司
 專案分類 大氣空氣
 中文關鍵字
 英文關鍵字
 協同主持人
 共同主持人
 計畫聯絡人 葉益豪
 計畫聯絡電話 --
 計畫聯絡信箱 --
 專案審查者 黃琡晴
 專案審查時間 2019/07/22
 專案核對者
 專案核對時間

柴油車污染源稽查管制計畫(106年-107年)

 中文摘要 移動污染源係造成都會區空氣品質劣化的原因之一,也是環保及交通主管單位加強管制重點,其中又以柴油車排放黑煙最令民眾所詬病,本計畫為有效管制柴油車輛,加強針對「高污染之烏賊車輛」為目標,而非「老舊柴油車輛」,藉由車車取得「柴油車自主管理標章」到檢合格外,更要透過專案管制及教育宣導,建立車主正確之車輛保檢合一觀念,期使高污染車輛均可已完成改善修復,達成污染減量的成效與目的,計畫執行自106年10月24日起至107年10月23日止,共計12個月,相關執行內容說明如下:一、 檢測站檢測本檢測站採用行政院環境保護署認證核可之檢測軟體,並依該署公告之「柴油汽車排氣煙度試驗方法及程序」及「柴油汽車黑煙排放不透光率檢測方法及程序」執行檢測,檢測作業全部電腦化,截至107年10月23日止已檢驗6,891輛柴油車,到檢原因以目測判煙(39.6%)及自主管理(39.2%)為主,其中最終結果有56輛次不合格,不合格率為0.8%;馬力不足退驗車輛為342輛次,退驗率為4.6%。二、 稽查檢測(一) 路邊攔檢以車輛試踩、目測初篩為攔檢原則,針對1~2期老舊車輛直接攔查檢測,3~4期車輛攔查後,先由檢測人員試踩油門,車輛後方同步由領有目測稽查證照之檢測人員,目測排氣管尾端排煙濃度,鎖定煙度偏高疑似高污染車輛,再以檢測方式;截至107年10月23日止,已於13處稽查地點執行85場次路邊攔檢稽查作業,共計提報1,038輛(含車牌辨識折換30輛),其中完成攔檢作業1,008輛次,合格658輛次,不合格350輛次(第一階段不透光儀器檢測統計),不合格率為34.7%。(二) 目測稽查截至107年10月23日止,已完成柴油車目測判煙稽查共計6,999輛次,經行複篩符合寄發標準3,462件。其中以二、三期車為所佔比例40.6%及25.6%最高。(三) 車牌辨識截至107年10月23日止,共計執行柴油車車牌辨識66,998輛次,車號取唯一37,179,其中一期車佔6.1%、二期車佔15.6%、三期車佔27.1%、四期車佔21.6%及五期車佔29.7%。(四) 油品抽檢作業排煙檢測站到檢車輛油品進行抽檢共6,891件,檢驗硫含量25件;路邊攔檢進行抽檢共1,008件,檢驗硫含量12件,其送驗結果均符合標準(柴油車含硫量管制標準10 mg/kg)。三、 檢測站操作與管理(一) 計畫品保品管作業已於107年1月完成年度品保車車輛保養,並依「柴油汽車黑煙排放不透光率檢測方法與程序」及「柴油汽車排氣煙度試驗方法及程序」完成測試及共累積測試15次,繪製於管制煙度圖,並每月再進行1次同車品管測試。(二) 稽核作業 1. 107年3月22日邀請顧復中及王明文委員至本站實施稽核作業,以「107年度相關性測試結果」、「改善本站周遭代檢業疑似擅調作為」為主題,協助稽核本站品管數據、矯正改善措施與檢測作業。 2. 107年5月24日辦理內部稽查,邀請同儕實驗室領有稽查証書之同仁辦理,共計發現有2項不符缺失,已全部改善完成。 3. 107年7月26日邀請顧復中及王傳賢委員,就「107年度相關性測試複測結果」提供意見及建議四、 設備更新改善作業截至107年10月23日止,已完成「檢測站站體內、外油漆粉刷」等九項等設備,上述合約工項已於5月底報局驗收合格。五、 專案管制(一) 車隊自主管理截至107年10月23日止,共訪查「原皇交通股份有限公司」等29家,車輛總數為661輛,其中僅「力泰建設企業股份有限公司」有自有保養廠及油槽,油品來源為台塑石油;另本市目前一家加裝濾煙器業者,即本次訪查名單「昶億汽車貨運有限公司」所屬車隊。業於107年9月10日(星期一)下午2時,假新北市立圖書館總館9樓會議室辦理宣導說明會,本次特聘請新北高工陳幸忠老師講授「落實柴油車輛保養提升空氣品質」,以及國道公路警察局第一公路警察大隊交通組盧瑞堯組長講授「大型車輛駕駛行車安全宣導」,會中各家客貨運業者均受益良多。(二) 保養廠能力比對本年度針對永德福認證保養廠持續進行黑煙檢測設備查驗比對,確保確實使用煙度檢測設備協助維修調整車輛排煙狀況,取代擅調行為,整體比對結果均可符合允收標準。(三) 柴油車疑似擅調管制本市自106年2月起逐步加嚴標準,本年度嚴格要求實施複驗之車輛需檢附維修保養證明單及發票、特定對象路邊攔檢、馬力比退驗車輛需隔日才能受理複驗,以及推動柴油車馬力比不足退驗應回原通知縣市或車籍所在地複驗等管制措施,進一步分析馬力比不足退驗率,106年1~5月份退驗率16.8%,107年同期退驗率為8.4%,從退驗率下降顯示,疑似擅調情形已有改善。(四) 特定區域稽查提供及輔導行駛車輛,因應未來法令實施及通行之需求,先行自主到站檢測合格後領取自主管理標章之輔導措施,主要目的協助自由順利通行,目前特定管制區分別為台北港及本市焚化廠等處。 1. 台北港管制結合港區通行證申請,輔導進出港區之車輛取得柴油車自主管理標章,一方面可作為鑑別車輛排放污染情形及判定稽查攔檢與否(無取得標章之車輛直接進行攔檢排煙測試),另一方面輔導通行基隆港區申請通行證用,若因故無法改善排煙情況者,再依據車輛期別搭配環保署不同獎勵補助政策,給予轉型汰舊換新或加裝濾煙器等,藉以達成一二期車輛汰舊換新及三期加裝濾煙器的目標。 (1) 已執行19場次路邊攔檢稽查完成攔檢224輛次,其第一段(不光率)不合格74輛次,不合格率為32.3%;其中選用第二段加測(濾紙反射式)73輛次,不合格11輛,不合格率15.1%。 (2) 台北港目測判煙共通知1,285輛有污染之虞車輛到檢,其中以一、二期車所佔比例最高,約69.6%。 (3) 透過車牌辨識資料分析,通行車輛主動到檢比例整體較去年相較成長1.5%。 2. 廢清車輛管制本年度因應108年7月1日起進行門禁管制措施,以及109年1月1日起申請廢清許可證、展延許可之車輛不得使用一、二期老舊柴油車輛管制作為,本年度行駛業者加入柴油車自主管理及到站檢測,召開宣導會提前辦理預告宣導,期各行駛車輛均可養成到檢好習慣,以因應管制措施之到來。 (1) 搭配環保署汰舊政策,輔導一、二期大型柴油車汰換補助5萬-40萬,三期大型車加裝濾煙器等策略。 (2) 結合本市事廢科及焚化廠共同管制,已共同確認未來管制期程日期之訂定,並開始輔導。六、 教育訓練(一) 依年度規劃辦理檢測站檢測作業教育訓練計有40場次,已辦理42場次,皆順利完成辦理。(二) 107年5月23日已辦理機關人員教育訓練暨外縣市檢測站優缺點分析研討教育訓練,並邀請永德福汽車公司台灣分公司技師講授「柴油車介紹及點檢注意事項」、中醫師陳運瑩講授「工作常見的職業傷害」及本計畫經理胡欣講授「外縣市檢測站優缺點分析研討」。(三) 針對計畫人員陸續派送參加柴油車管制作業所需教育訓練課程,並取得合格證照計有6人。七、 環保小局長活動配合新北市環境保護局辦理「新北市環保小局長12堂課」活動,本次規劃以「環保小柯南」為主題,學習主軸分別為「空氣品質監測」及「環保科學辦案」,活動已於107年3月完成,參與單位計有新北市環境保護局、低碳中心、衛宇檢驗科技股份有限公司、瑩諮科技股份有限公司及學生、家長共143人。
 中文關鍵字

柴油車污染源稽查管制計畫(106年-107年)

 類型  檔名  說明
 期末報告  柴油車污染源稽查管制計畫(106年-107年).pdf(4.7MB)  
最新版公開日期: 2019/7/23 上午 12:00:00

 英文摘要 Mobile pollution sources are a cause of air quality deterioration in metropolitan areas. One of the focal points of the authorities for environmental protection and transportation has been reinforcing control mechanisms for these sources, of which black smoke from diesel vehicles is the most publicly denounced. This project’s objectives are to control diesel emissions, with particular attention given to high-polluting vehicles rather than old diesel vehicles. Car owners can be given a proper approach to maintenance and inspection through obtaining, by inspection, a “diesel vehicle self-management mark,” a well as through project controls and educational promotion. The intent of such efforts is to upgrade and improve high-polluting vehicles and reduce their pollution emissions. The plan was implemented from October 24, 2017 to October 23, 2018, for a total of 12 months. The relevant details of implementation are as follows: I. Testing at inspection stations Testing software certified by the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) of the Executive Yuan was used at inspection stations to perform testing in accordance with the "Testing Methods and Procedures for Smoke Emissions from Diesel Motor Vehicles" and "Testing Methods and Procedures for Smoke Emission Opacity in Diesel Motor Vehicles" announced by the EPA. All testing tasks were computerized. A total of 6,891 diesel motor vehicles had been tested as of October 23, 2018. Primary reasons for inspection were visual smoke inspection (39.6%) and self-management (39.2%). A total of 56 vehicles failed inspection, representing a failure rate of 0.8%; a total of 342 vehicles were declined inspection due to insufficient horsepower, which accounted for a decline rate of 4.6%. II. Inspection and testing (I) Roadside testing Vehicles subjected to roadside testing were determined through a preliminary selection based on accelerator testing and a visual check. All phase 1-2 vehicles were tested when stopped; phase 3-4 vehicles were first screened by personnel certified for visual inspection who stood behind the vehicle as other testing personnel held down the accelerator to visually determine the density of smoke from the vehicle's tailpipe; those vehicles emitting large amounts of smoke and suspected of being highly polluting were subjected to testing. As of October 23, 2018, roadside testing had been performed on 85 occasions at 13 inspection locations. A total of 1,038 vehicles had been reported (including 30 vehicles requiring license plate identification). Of these vehicles, 1,008 had been stopped and tested, of which 658 met inspection standards and 350 did not meet standards (according to stage-1 opacity testing statistics). The failure rate was 34.7%. (II) Visual inspection As of October 23, 2018, a total of 6,999 diesel vehicle had been subjected to visual smoke inspection, and 3,462 vehicles were issued standard-compliance documentation after re-screening. Of these vehicles, phase-2 and 3 vehicles had the highest pass rates, 40.6% and 25.6%, respectively. (III) License plate identification As of October 23, 2018, diesel vehicle license plate identification had been performed on 66,998 vehicles, and license plate numbers had been acquired for 37,179 vehicles. Of these vehicles, phase-1 vehicles accounted for 6.1%, phase-2 for 15.6%, phase-3 for 27.1%, phase-4 for 21.6%, and phase-5 for 29.7%. (IV) Random oil sample inspection tasks Oil samples from vehicles visiting smoke emissions inspection stations for testing were inspected in a total of 6,891 cases and tested for sulfur content in 25 cases. Roadside testing was performed in a total of 1,008 cases, and testing for sulfur content was performed in 12 cases; all samples sent for testing met standards (the regulatory standard for sulfur content in diesel vehicles is 10 mg/kg). III. Operation and management of inspection stations (I) Plan quality assurance and quality control tasks Annual maintenance and quality assurance of vehicles were completed in January 2018. Inspections were completed a total of 15 times in accordance with the "Testing Methods and Procedures for Smoke Emission Opacity in Diesel Motor Vehicles" and the "Testing Methods and Procedures for Smoke Emissions from Diesel Motor Vehicles." Smoke control charts were produced and a monthly quality control follow-up for tested vehicles was conducted. (II) Auditing tasks 1. On March 22, 2018, committee members Gu Fu-zhong and Wang Ming-wen were invited to the Station to perform auditing tasks. Additionally, talks on the topics of "2018 Correlation Testing Results" and "Improvement of Suspected Illicit Modification Work by Contracted Testing Enterprises Near this Station” were given. They also assisted personnel in auditing the station's quality control data, applying corrective improvement measures, and conducting testing tasks. 2. An internal audit was performed on May 24, 2018, by colleagues from a peer laboratory who were certified for auditing. A total of 2 deficiencies were found and improvements have since been made. 3. On July 26, 2018, committee members Gu Fu-zhong and Wang Ming-wen were invited to present views and recommendations concerning the “2018 Correlation Testing and Re-testing Results.” IV. Facility upgrades and improvement tasks As of October 23, 2018, 9 facility projects had been completed, including interior and exterior painting of the station. By the end of May, contracts for the aforementioned projects had been reported to and approved by the Bureau. V. Project controls (I) Self-management of fleet As of October 23, 2018, Yuanhuang Transportation Co. and 29 other companies, with a cumulative number of 661 vehicles, were investigated. Of these companies, only Lihtai Construction Enterprise Co., Ltd. had its own maintenance shop and oil tanks; the oil tanks were sourced from Formosa Petrochemical Corporation. Additionally, one company in the city had installed diesel particulate filters in its fleet: Chang Yi Motor Transportation Co., Ltd., which is enumerated on the investigation list. At 2:00 p.m. on September 10, 2018, a seminar was held at the 9F conference room of the New Taipei City Main Library. Chen Xing-zhong, a teacher at the New Taipei Vocational High School, spoke on the topic of "Implementing Diesel Vehicle Maintenance to Enhance Air Quality," and Division Chief Lu Rui-yao from the Transportation Division, First Highway Police Team, National Highway Police Bureau, spoke about "Promoting Safe Driving for Large Vehicles." All participating passenger and logistics companies benefited greatly from these talks. (II) Capacity comparison of service shops This year, black smoke detection equipment in Scania-certified service shops were inspected and compared. The aim was to ensure that smoke detection equipment was indeed being used to assist in the maintenance and adjustment of emissions as a replacement for good behavior. Overall comparison results met compliance standards. (III) Controls for diesel vehicles suspected of illicit modification The city has gradually heightened the standards for inspection since February 2017. This year, requirements have been added for vehicles requiring a secondary inspection to provide receipts and proof of repair and maintenance; for specific roadside evaluation criteria; and for vehicles to which inspection is denied due to horsepower issues to be re-inspected on the following day. In addition, other control measures were promoted, including the regulation establishing that diesel vehicles denied inspection due to low horsepower must return to the county or city that notified the driver or the registered location of the driver for re-inspection. The low horsepower rejection rate was further analyzed: from January to May 2017, the rejection rate was 16.8%; the rejection rate of the same period in 2018 was 8.4%. The decline in the rejection rate shows that the situation of illicit modifications has improved. (IV) Specific regional inspection In response to the implementation of future laws and approval requirements, drivers were assisted and advised that vehicles on the road should first visit an inspection station on their own and obtain the self-management mark by passing inspection. The main purpose of this is to facilitate free and smooth inspection approval. Currently, the specific control areas are Taipei Harbor and the city’s incineration plant. 1. Taipei Harbor controls Along with the application for the Taipei Harbor permit, guidance was provided for vehicles entering and exiting the harbor area to obtain the diesel vehicle self-management mark. On one hand, this mark may be used as a way to identify a vehicle's emissions and determine whether to stop the vehicle for inspection (vehicles without the mark can be directly stopped for smoke emissions inspection). On the other hand, it may be used to provide guidance in the application for the passage permit in the Keelung Port Area. In situations where for some reason smoke emissions have not been improved, different incentives and subsidy policies of the EPA, such as transformation and replacement, or installation of diesel particulate filters are offered, to achieve the goal of replacing phase-1 and 2 vehicles and installing diesel particulate filters in phase-3 vehicles. (1) Roadside testing was performed at 19 sites on a total of 224 vehicles. Of these vehicles, 74 failed stage 1 (opacity rate), accounting for a failure rate of 32.3%. Of those 74 vehicles, 73 were tested in stage 2 (filter paper reflection type). 11 vehicles failed, accounting for a failure rate of 15.1%. (2) At Taipei Harbor, a total of 1,285 vehicles suspected of polluting were told to visit an inspection station based on a visual smoke inspection. Among these phase-1 and 2 vehicles accounted for the highest percentages, at 69.6%. (3) Through license plate identification data analysis, it was found that the proportion of vehicles visiting the inspection station has increased by 1.5% compared with the previous year. 2. Waste disposal vehicles controls This year, there will be implementation of access control measures starting from July 1, 2019; and, starting January 1, 2020, there will be regulations establishing that phase-1 or 2 diesel vehicles may not apply for or extend their disposal licenses. Advocacy seminars were held to provide guidance in advance for professional diesel vehicle drivers, advising them to cooperate in self-management or visit inspection stations. This was done in the hope that vehicles on the road can develop the habit of visiting inspection stations before these control measures come into effect. (4) In cooperation with the EPA's elimination policy, guidance was provided on strategies such as the replacement subsidy (NT$50,000 to NT$400,000) for large phase-1 and 2 diesel vehicles and the installation of diesel particulate filters in large phase-3 vehicles. (5) With joint control of the industrial waste management division and incineration plants of the city, the dates regarding future control program stipulations have been confirmed and guidance has begun. VI. Education and training (I) In accordance with the annual plan, 40 education and training sessions concerning inspection station testing tasks are to be conducted; 42 sessions have already been held. (II) The Organizational Personnel Training Session and Training Workshop on the Analysis of the Strengths and Weaknesses of Inspection Stations in Other Counties and Cities was held on May 23, 2018. At this event, engineers from the Taiwan branch of the Scania Motor Vehicle Group spoke on the topic of "Introduction to Diesel Vehicles and Spot Inspection Guidelines”; Chinese Medicine Doctor Chen Yun-jing spoke on "Commonly-seen Occupational Health Hazards"; and the project manager, lecturer Hu Xin, conducted a discussion on "Analysis of the Strengths and Weaknesses of Inspection Stations in Foreign Counties and Cities." (III) Other personnel from the project were sent to take part in education and training classes needed for diesel vehicle control tasks; 6 people received certification. VII. The “Little Environmental Bureau Chief” activity The "Little Environmental Detective" activity was conducted in conjunction with the "12 New Taipei City Little Environmental Bureau Chief Classes” activity organized by the Environmental Protection Department of New Taipei City. This activity included educational topics on air quality monitoring and handling environmental science cases. The activity was completed in March 2018. Participants included the Environmental Protection Department of New Taipei City, Low Carbon Center, Global-Analyst Co., Ltd., Envimac Technology and Consultants Corporation, and 143 students and their parents.
 英文關鍵字

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資料更新日期:2019/09/19

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