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移動污染源排放總量推估及管制措施研擬專案工作計畫

 專案計畫編號 EPA-107-FA13-03-A159
 經費年度 107年度
 計畫經費 16,468千元
 專案開始日期 2018/07/19
 專案結束日期 2019/07/18
 專案主持人 蔡志賢
 主辦單位 空保處
 承辦人 周穎志
 執行單位 景丰科技股份有限公司
 專案分類 大氣空氣
 中文關鍵字 移動污染源、空氣品質分析、車載污染物量測系統
 英文關鍵字 Mobile source, Air quality analysis, Portable Emission Measurement System
 協同主持人 蘇淳太
 共同主持人
 計畫聯絡人 陳冠男
 計畫聯絡電話 --
 計畫聯絡信箱 --
 專案審查者 周穎志
 專案審查時間 2020/08/05
 專案核對者
 專案核對時間

移動污染源排放總量推估及管制措施研擬專案工作計畫

 中文摘要 移動污染源(後稱移污)為造成空氣品質不良的污染源之一,自空污法落實並歷經修正,因移動污染源排放受到車齡、道路型態、駕駛行為等因子影響,各項管制策略至今仍難以定性、定量移污對空品的貢獻量及評估與政策推動間關係,故持續精進移污排放總量推估,結合政策減量的量化需求與排放量結果有其必要性。移污管制及政策推動需與排放量分布聯結,故研修各參數之合宜性,使模式適用於臺灣且同時具備反應出政策推動成效之能力。此外,移污排放減量因涉及私人運具管理、交通管制手段、公共運具推動等面向,需進行跨部會協商、資料統合,以有效針對國家各行政單位間相關政策進行勾稽,協助署內與其他各部會進行協商亦為重要工作的一環。為精進移污管制成效,掌握其各項活動指標及環境負荷,完備有效且易於吸收的圖表化方式呈現複雜之數據,提供署內各項移污管制精進建議,本計畫成果摘述如下:一、 完成105及106年排放量推估結果,106年受車輛汰舊換新影響,排放量較前年降低1~7%。二、 利用排放量時空分析釐清排放量主要道路級別,搭配使用交通模式,更細緻化解析城際間各車種集中區域。三、 針對六期機車實車測試結果,其每公里排放係數較電動機車高,CO2高4.3倍、CO高128倍、VOC高140倍、NOX則高2.6倍,顯著署內針對電動機車進行換新補助具有相當之合理性。四、 發現車輛活動區域與設籍地無絕對關係存在,接近約39%不會在車輛登記之轄區進行柴油車動力檢測。五、 臺北港區推動1~3期柴油貨車之管制,最佳效益者為自用柴油大貨車各污染物之減量成效達60%~87%。六、 完成空氣污染行動方案最新進度彙整,其中二行程機車淘汰受補助策略落日條款影響,致使民眾加速汰換,成本效益逐年提高。七、 計劃期間協助提供交通相關部門移動污染源相關之資訊,並提供資訊協助其6/22空污論壇中發表相關成果。
 中文關鍵字 移動污染源、空氣品質分析、車載污染物量測系統

移動污染源排放總量推估及管制措施研擬專案工作計畫

 類型  檔名  說明
 期末報告  EPA-107-FA13-03-A159.pdf(68MB)  移動污染源排放總量推估及管制措施研擬專案工作計畫期末報告
最新版公開日期: 2020/8/6 上午 12:00:00

Evaluate the Total Quality and Plan of Control Strategy of Mobile Emission

 英文摘要 The mobile source is one of the pollution sources that cause poor air quality. It has been implemented and revised since the air pollution method. Due to the characteristics of factors such as age, road type and driving behavior, the various control strategies are still difficult to characterize. To quantify the contribution of mobile pollution to air quality, and to assess the relationship between contribution and policy promotion, it is necessary to continuously improve the total amount of mobile pollution emissions, combined with the quantitative demand and emission results of policy reduction. Mobile source control and policy promotion need to be linked to emissions distribution. Therefore, it is the focus of this project to evaluate and correct the appropriateness of each parameter so that the model can be applied to Taiwan and the ability to reflect the policy to promote effectiveness. In addition, the reduction of emissions from mobile sources, due to the involvement of private transportation management, traffic control methods, and public transport, requires cross-departmental consultations and data integration to effectively clarify relevant policies among the various administrative units of the country. Negotiating with other ministries is also a part of the important work. In order to improve the effectiveness of mobile source control, grasp the various activity indicators and environmental load of mobile sources, and present complex and effective data in a graphical manner that is easy to absorb, and provide suggestions on the improvement of various mobile sources in the department. as follows: 1.The results of the estimation of emissions in the past 105 and 106 years were completed. In 106 years, the impact of vehicle replacement and replacement was reduced, and the emissions were reduced by 1 to 7% compared with the previous year. 2.The use of emissions time and space analysis to clarify the main road level of emissions, with the use of traffic patterns, more detailed analysis of the inter-city between the various types of vehicle concentration. 3.For the actual test results of the six-phase locomotive, the emission coefficient per kilometer is 4.3 times higher than that of the electric motor vehicle, CO2 is higher, the CO is 128 times higher, the VOC is 140 times higher, and the NOX is 2.6 times higher. The subsidy is quite reasonable. 4.It is found that there is no absolute relationship between the vehicle activity area and the establishment place. Nearly 39% will not carry out diesel vehicle power detection in the vehicle registration area. 5.The Taipei Port Area promotes the control of Class 1~3 diesel trucks. The best benefit is the reduction of the pollutants of self-use diesel trucks by 60%~87%. 6.Completion of the latest progress of the air pollution action plan, in which the second-cycle locomotive elimination was affected by the subscribing provisions of the subsidy strategy, which led to the accelerated replacement of the people and the cost-effectiveness increased year by year. 7.Assist in providing information related to mobile sources of transportation related departments during the planning period, and provide information to assist in the publication of relevant results in the 6/22 Air Pollution Forum.
 英文關鍵字 Mobile source, Air quality analysis, Portable Emission Measurement System

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