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排放清冊推估作業資料建置及質損估算

 專案計畫編號 EPA-106-FA18-03-A263
 經費年度 106年度
 計畫經費 8,657千元
 預算科目 空氣品質管理
 專案開始日期 2017/09/28
 專案結束日期 2018/12/31
 專案主持人 蔡志賢
 主辦單位 空保處
 承辦人 柏雪翠
 執行單位 景丰科技股份有限公司
 專案分類 大氣空氣
 中文關鍵字 排放清冊、排放量空間分配、品質控管
 英文關鍵字 Emissions Inventory, Emissions Spacial Distribution, Quality Control
 協同主持人
 共同主持人
 計畫聯絡人 郭箴誠
 計畫聯絡電話 --
 計畫聯絡信箱 --
 專案審查者 柏雪翠
 專案審查時間 2019/02/19
 專案核對者
 專案核對時間

排放清冊推估作業資料建置及質損估算

 中文摘要 為掌握全國排放量趨勢,作為管制之參考,國家空氣污染物排放清冊之更新制度為每三年進行一次基準年總檢討計算,並在歷年間進行局部更新。本年度計畫的工作執行重點,以推估105年為基準年之新版空氣污染物排放量(TEDS 10)為主軸,預定產出之清冊排放量,包括提供各管制單位使用之105年縣市排放量、未來年自然成長排放量與模式模擬使用之1km*1km網格排放量。本年度計畫之主要成果摘要如下:(一)105年新版空氣污染物排放清冊之建置: 1、點源清冊建置:已建置新版全國列管公私場所排放量,列管公私場所達一定門檻(整廠任一污染物年排放量達0.001公噸以上)者即納入點源清冊,共計14,034間(上一版本為14,844間)。TSP、NOX、SOX、PM2.5及NMHC於105年總排放量分別為35,105公噸、156,502公噸、83,490公噸、16,725公噸及80,124公噸,相較於102年前三者皆下降,後兩者則上升。 2、線源清冊建置:已完成105年線源排放清冊總量之推估,活動強度與排放係數推估參數已更新至105年或最近年度,各污染物全國排放量分別為:TSP排放量30,240公噸;PM10排放量20,980公噸;PM2.5排放量16,847公噸;SOX排放量141公噸;NOX排放量184,204公噸;CO排放量345,767公噸;THC排放量118,823公噸;NMHC排放量109,668公噸;Pb排放量19公噸。除TSP略為上升1%外,其他污染物排放量相較於102年皆有所下降。 3、面源清冊建置:主要更新項目包含推估方法、活動強度、排放係數及控制因子,確保各項數據之可追溯性,並盡量參採國內調查數據,如本次更新之餐飲業、農廢燃燒等排放係數。另更新裸露地推估方法,將裸露地揚塵區分為事件型及非事件型排放,並依據各地區氣象觀測數據及土壤分類型態,推估揚塵排放量,以凸顯各地排放型態差異。TEDS 10版(105年)面源排放量合計TSP:310,053公噸,PM10:113,504公噸、PM2.5:27,658公噸、CPM:457公噸、SOX:37,596公噸、NOX:50,002公噸、THC:414,032公噸、NMHC:331,554公噸、CO:68,184公噸。 4、排放量空間分配:已蒐集並更新排放量空間分配指標資料庫,並完成所有污染源之縣市、鄉鎮及1km1km網格分配作業。使用交通部高速公路局交通資料庫車流量數據,更新線源國道活動強度分配指標。(二)排放趨勢與情境管制措施減量趨勢掌握: 1、未來年自然成長推估:使用「長期能源替代方案規劃系統」(Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning system, LEAP)之評估模型,計算未來年成長趨勢。 2、情境管制減量模擬:已參考行政院「空氣污染防制行動方案計畫」及固定源空氣污染物相關排放管制標準加嚴之法規或草案,完成情境管制減量模擬。 3、排放時間變化趨勢:已使用月、週及小時等時間解析度,探討各時間尺度活動量指標。 (三)清冊內部品質控管與檢討分析:已參照本計畫所擬定之品保工作原則及執行方法進行作業,據以查核所用資料之合理性。另使用空氣品質模式檢核TEDS 10之異常排放源。同時針對TEDS 10初版(105年)估算方法及結果進行其與9版(102年)之比較,據以分析判斷其差異與合理性。 (四)排放量管理計畫執行成果:已完成107年排放量管理計畫。各縣市已於9月30日前提報所有工作項目資料。縣市每年須提報項目包括:基礎能源使用調查、排放管道粒狀物比例資料庫;選擇性提報項目包括:一般裸露地、餐飲業、車行揚塵、民俗信仰活動調查、固定源指定活動強度以及廢氣燃燒塔使用事件。11月30日前針對縣市提報資料之完整性與合理性進行評分,並提出審查意見回覆。 (五)綠色國民所得帳編製:已完成綠色國民所得帳相關空氣污染物之106年度空品區與各行業別排放量,並已於107年6月中旬提交至主計處。(六)最新動態資料蒐集分析,及更新維護網頁與行政支援工作: 1、進行各國排放資料建置最新消息彙整:已蒐集及彙整歐、美、中、日、韓等地之最新排放資料庫及其相關推估工具。未來固定源可納入人口學資料,移動源可評估使用微觀模式,逸散源可新增烹飪排放及抽菸排放等污染源。 2、已定期更新排放清冊網頁之排放係數檔案、網頁連結;已查核及改善網頁之安全性。
 中文關鍵字 排放清冊、排放量空間分配、品質控管

排放清冊推估作業資料建置及質損估算

 類型  檔名  說明
 期末報告  EPA106FA1803A263.pdf(89.7MB)  專案成果正式報告
最新版公開日期: 2019/3/1 上午 12:00:00

Building of the Taiwan emission data system

  摘要 To realize the trend of the air pollutant emissions in Taiwan, Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) publish the Taiwan Emission Data System (TEDS) for the purpose of the policy control, updated every three years and corrected in the next year. The main execution of annual project is to estimate the air pollution emission inventory which the base year is 2016 (TEDS 10). The output of the emission inventory in schedule includes the total emissions by counties and cities in 2016 offered to related departments, the trend of the emissions in the future years and the grid emission in one square kilometers resolution for model simulating. The annual achievements are: Ι. The setting of the latest version of the national emission inventory in 2016 1. Stationary source: The first version of the emissions of the public and private places managed by EPA is computed. The public and private places are included in TEDS 10 when the emissions are achieved the standard, which one of the emissions achieve 1 kilogram per year in whole factory. The total factories in TEDS 10 are 14,034 (14,844 in TEDS 9). The annual pollutants for Total Suspension Particle (TSP), Nitrogen Oxide (NOX), Sulfur Oxide (SOX), Particle Matter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) and Non-Methane Hydrocarbon (NMHC) are 35,105, 156,502, 83,490, 16,725 and 80,124 (ton/year). Compared with TEDS 9, the emissions of TSP, NOX and SOX are decreased and the emissions of PM2.5 and NMHC are increased. 2. Mobile source: The estimation of the mobile source inventory in 2016 and the active intensities and emission factors to year 2016 or later year is updated. The total air pollutants for TSP, Particle Matter less than 10 micrometers (PM10), PM2.5, SOX, NOX, Carbon Monoxide (CO), Total Hydrocarbon (THC), NMHC and lead (Pb) are 30,240, 20,980, 16,847, 141, 184,204, 345,767, 118,823, 109,668 and 19 (ton/year). Most of the pollutants are decreased compared with TEDS 9, expect that TSP is increased in 1%. 3. Fugitive source: The estimate methodology, active intensity, emission factor and control factor are mainly updated. The process of the establishment are to examine the reference and the data consistency, to ensure the data traceability, and to use the domestically investigated data as much as possible, including the emission factor of catering and agricultural burning. The estimation of the dust area of the bare ground is distinguished from event type and non-event type emissions based on the meteorological observation data and soil type to estimate the emission and to highlight the differences in emission patterns everywhere. The total air pollutants for TSP, PM10, PM2.5, Condensable Particulate Matter (CPM), SOX, NOX, THC, NMHC and CO are 310,053, 113,504, 27,658, 457, 37,596, 50,002, 414,032, 331,554 and 68,184 (ton/year). 4. Spatial allocation: The emission database of spatial allocation indicators is collected and updated, and all counties, cities, towns and 1 square kilometers grid allocation are done. The traffic volumes of traffic database from Freeway Bureau, Ministry of Communications, are used, and the allocated indicators of the active intensity of mobile source on freeway are updated. ΙΙ. Emission trend and situation control measure for emission reduction 1. Estimation of natural growth in the next few years: The evaluation model, called "Long-range energy alternatives planning system" (LEAP), is used to compute the natural trend in the next few years. 2. Simulation of reduction situation control: "Air pollution control action plan", formulated by Executive Yuan, and the regulations or drafts for tightening the standards related to control of air pollutants emission from stationary source, are referred to simulate the reduction situation control. 3. Emission trends for temporal variation: The temporal scales, including month, week and hour, is used to find the indicators of the activities for every temporal scales. ΙΙΙ. Quality control and review analysis in the inventory The principle of the quality assurance and the operation of the exclusive methods drafted by the plan are referred to check the reasonability of all available data. The air quality models are used to examine the abnormal emission source in TEDS 10. The first version of TEDS 10 including estimate methods and results are compared with TEDS 9 to analysis the variability and reasonableness. ΙV. Implementation results from Emissions management plan 2018 emissions management plan is completed. All working items are submitted by county and city government before 30th Sep. Work items reported by local environmental protection bureau every year, include: basic energy usage survey and database for particle ratio in discharge pipes. Work items reported selectively include: general bare ground, catering, driving dust, surveys for folk belief activity, designed stationary source activity intensities and events for exhaust gas burning tower usage. All submitted items from local governments, whose review comments are replied, are scored for its completeness and reasonableness before 30th Nov. V. Green national product (GNP) 2017 GNP, including related air pollutants in each air quality area and emissions by industry, is submitted to Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting, and Statistics, Executive Yuan. VΙ. Latest dynamic data collection analysis, TEDS webpage update and maintenance, and related execution work: 1. Aggregate of latest overseas emission inventories: The latest emission inventories and related estimation tools in Europe, America, China, Japan and Korea are collected. Demographic data are suggested to be included in stationary source in the future. Bottom-up model is suggested to be applied in mobile source in the future. Pollutants like cooking and smoking emissions are suggested to be included in fugitive source in the future. 2. The emission factor files and the webpage links of TEDS website is updated regularly, and the security of TEDS website is checked and improved.
  英文關鍵字 Emissions Inventory, Emissions Spacial Distribution, Quality Control

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