Study on the Establishment of Contaminated Land Revitalization Program
To realize the sustainable land use national policy, this study established a general contaminated land revitalization framework through investigating the brownfield policies and frameworks of developed countries. Also, several guidelines and by-laws were drafted based on the recent revised Soil and Groundwater Pollution Remediation Act to provide the protocols in need for the revised act. With the concept of life cycle assessment, this study proposed a two-phase framework which divides the contaminated site revitalization into “land release” and “land development”. The framework design is expected to reduce the probable conflict among different laws and regulations. While the incentive measures do exist in various laws and regulations, they are not specifically designed with contaminated sites in mind. The enhancement of the influence should be considered in the future. A Contaminated Land Revitalization Policy Plan (CLRPP) is proposed and drafted to serve as the vehicle for future policy realization and the basis for communication of stakeholders. To further support the progress of contaminated land revitalization policy, a set of policy impact and benefit assessment tools were developed. Three contaminated sites were chosen to illustrate the feasibility of the assessment tools. Integration of the proposed framework, incentive program, and benefit assessment results have enhanced the CLRPP. This study has built up a foundation for future policy planning and enforcement as well as various assessment tools. These deliverables shall be beneficial to future advocating of the contaminated land revitalization policy.
Brownfield, Contaminated Land Revitalization, Policy Benefit Assessment