The project “Air Pollutant Information Integration in Coastal Industrial Park” has been executed since April, 2nd, 2012. The annual project contains several tasks, including investigation of volatile organic gas/VOCs (includes hazardous air pollutant) in the air at Outlying Islands Industrial Park; building up fingerprint database for the investigated results; maintaining and expanding the functions of existent environmental monitoring system; rehearsing the emergency response system; fulfilling the functions of the system and establishing the communication channels among different units. And finally organizing the relevant reduction plans about air pollution control self-management of different companies in Formosa Industrial Park or to follow up the schedule and improve the results of committed affairs. It is to provide the Environmental Protection Bureau of Yunlin County with educational trainings and technical trainings to help them administer the relevant project of air pollution inspection and control in coastal industrial park.
The results of the project execution are as follows:
I. Establish coastal industrial park environmental monitoring information connection.
I) In setting up the environmental information network of the coastal industrial park via the establishment of real-time data conversion capture system, the results are as follows:
1. Four air quality monitoring stations of Environmental Protection Agency (The connection measured items including SO2、CO、O3、PM10、NO2).
2. Three air quality monitoring station in Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park (The connection measured items including SO2, NO2. Nox, NO, CO, O3, NMHC, CxHy, Methane、PM10、TSP、wind speed, wind direction, temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure and rainfall).
3. The instant measure connection of five meteorological stations and two air quality monitoring stations set up by Environmental Protection Bureau (The connection measured items including wind speed, wind direction and CO2). Storage the instant connection data in a central monitoring data warehouse for value-added use.
II) As for CCTV live video connection operation, we have completed CCTV live video establishment work in order to promptly monitor the current status of coastal industrial zone pipe emissions. CCTVs were erected at the southern port of Accommodation K (11-storey) and H (5-storey) of Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park. As for the transmission line, we applied 8M ADSL line and 50M fiber optic lines with 37 times zoom anti-explosion camera and remote DVR surveillance systems for image transmission. As for office image data storage, the historical image data were saved in 2T hard disk. We applied high-definition image storage method currently (resolution 720x480). It can have one-month storage amount.
III) As referred to remote image function for users, it provides two ways to check remotely and promptly, including 1) PC web browser function, 2) mobile phone or tablet browsing capabilities. Users can do real-time video access, camera remote control (zoom and 360-degree mobile), historical image access and screen capture and storage functions by using the device remotely.
IV) As for service information, we provide link between monitoring data and the data of Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park, establish coastal industrial park environmental monitoring sites, and assist the general public to enquire the environmental monitoring data and environmental messages of coastal industrial park. Website is integrated into the central connection monitoring server, and be updated and maintained regularly. The main structure of website is divided into four functions, including timely environmental monitoring data queries, CCTV video real-time information, environmental information and related websites. In addition, we combined functions of smartphone, developed the air quality query system of coastal industrial park. Therefore, the general public can check the air quality condition of coastal industrial park anytime and anywhere by using smartphone.
II. Establish emergency action database system and be familiar with emergency response operations processes.
I) In order to prevent accident disasters, the staff of Environmental Protection Bureau should quickly understand the environmental status of the incident, as well as shorten the time to master and react appropriately. We have set up portable tablet computers emergency action database system development. As an unexpected disaster happened, they may help with decontamination and investigation via response system and reaction consulting platforms.
The overall emergency response system has integrated the former environmental monitoring system database of coastal industrial park, including stationary sources database, CEMS continuous automatic monitoring database, monitoring data of air quality monitoring stations (Environmental Protection Agency, Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park and Environmental Protection Bureau), petition cases database, pollution fingerprint database, MSDS database (GHS database), CCTV live video information, and multi-dimensional contingency composite query function.
II) As referred to graphic information digital operation, we collected factory layout and toxic chemicals storage location map provided by Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park, drew into AUTOCAD format, and overlaid into GIS graphic information for quickly recognizing map information while emergency incident. We have completed graphic information digital operation work of 21 plants in costal industrial park currently.
III) In addition to the emergency response system function, we have set up emergency status reply function in order to response on-site condition and position to the system via tablet PC. Users can operate the emergency response button within emergency response system by then. As users process the incident response information, the system will automatically grab the information of the current position and transmit it back to system database. Afterwards, the emergency response team may utilize the feedback data as reference, and the system would show the Google Map location and feedback data in order to provide on-site status and accident related Geographic Information for the emergency response team of Environmental Protection Bureau.
IV) The framework of emergent air pollution response of Air Pollution and Noise Control Division of EPB, responding group tasks identification and processing procedures have been completed, as well as having had a simulated indoor emergency responding rehearsal incorporated with emergency responding query system. Certain responding procedures and responding group tasks had been set up via this rehearsal. Experiences gained from this rehearsal will be applied to future emergent air pollution events.
III. Update and maintain central monitoring data warehouse integration system of coastal industrial park.
I) In order to ensure that the integration system is consistent with the real database, the integration database system has been updated regularly for various data sources. It is because most resources of the external integration system are from different databases, such as the Environmental Protection Agency, consulting firms, the monitoring center of coastal industrial park and detection stations. According to different database update frequency, different update modes are set as follows: 1) network database connect directly to the FTP, 2) FTP database uploaded regularly, 3) manual database update, 4) online system input.
II) As for the extension, update and maintenance of central monitoring system, we have completed the extension of 13 environmental monitoring systems according to the demand of Environmental Protection Bureau, including 1) information of wastewater treatment plant and the oil-water separator pool, 2) information of loading station, 3) information of storage tank, 4) information of pollution source equipment, 5) electronic system establishment and query of stationary source license, 6) CEMS data query, 7) real-time monitoring data of air quality and meteorological stations set up by the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park, 8) expand the original weather station data set up by Environmental Protection Bureau, 9) emissions permit statistics (whole plant ＆ license), 10) characteristic pollutants query, 11) stationary source inspection records and monthly approval form of the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park, 12) Cems inspection record inquiry of the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park (include filing function and monthly approval form), 13) Voc inspection record inquiry of the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park (include filing function and monthly approval form). The before-mentioned functions are integrated into the central monitoring system to further improve the query functions.
III) In terms of the hardware expansion, we have purchased a remote backup server. We utilize two current servers to proceed with alien machine backup, and one remote off-side backup server for off-side backup, by doing that, a complete backup mechanism would be constructed. In terms of system information security protection, we have applied the entity firewall, intrusion detection systems and rigorous audit policy to prevent internet improper intrusion. Besides, we have entrusted a professional information security company to proceed with security test of the system. By doing this, we would implement more rigorous security policies and fix security bugs to ensure that the information remains secure.
IV. Air volatile organic compounds survey (including hazardous air pollutants)
I) The volatile organic compounds in the air for the year survey can be divided into four samples detected a total of 68 points. A total of 183 kinds of volatile organic compounds have been analyzed, including 59 kinds of hazardous and toxic air pollutants, accounts for 32% of the total number. In addition, there are 311 kinds of times for total species, among which there are 114 kinds of harmful and toxic air pollutants, accounts for 37% of the total number. By reviewing the number of detected species, the fourth sampling which detected 92 kinds is the most. The fourth sampling region located in the Haifeng zone, followed by the second sampling of 83 kinds, the sampling points are distributed in Formosa MMA, AN, C4, AE, Plasticized OL-1, FCFC Aroma-1, of PTA, PS and HAC. As for the sampling of hazardous and toxic air pollutants species, the 2nd sampling contains 41 species, which is the most, accounts for 49% of the detected species, followed by 26 kinds for the first sampling. From the detectable concentration analysis, the points are in line with regulatory standards, however, 1,4 - butanediol plant #8 and soda plant #10 were detected 1,2,4 – trimethylbenzene and styrene exceed the odor threshold. In addition, AROM3 #11 toluene and 1,2,4 - trimethylbenzene exceed the odor threshold. The sample analyzed by the regional flow distributed species homogeneity is high, but different regions contains species with diverse main characteristics, such as the first sampling contains propane, 2-methyl pentane, butane, and the second sampling contains a chloro-difluoromethane, dichlorodifluoromethane, methyl chloride, chlorotoluene, p-xylene, o-xylene, the third sampling contains vinyl chloride, n-hexane, the fourth sampling contains isopentane, nonanal. The main raw material ethylene of the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park detected a total of 46 points, detected 36, and the highest concentration is 686ppb.
II) In terms of fingerprint database construction, fingerprint database sources mainly come from two parts, including factories self-inspection flue data (totally 7,989 records) and characteristic pollutants data of each plant (totally 785 records). The fingerprint database is integrated into the central monitoring system and emergency response system to provide users with a reverse inquiry function. By entering the name of the species, users can recognize the pollutants emissions from those public flues and quickly control air pollution emission sources as the incident happened.
III) Corporations’ self-assessment fingerprint data of Outlying Island Industrial Park have been established. There are 232 smokestacks and 410 records in total recorded from 2010 to 2012, and the establishment rate is 98%. Within these records, A grade 58 accounted for 25%, B grade 62 27%, and C grade 112 48%.
V. Compile the air pollution improvement and self-management situation of four major firms of the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park.
The relevant reduction plan of air pollution control self-management or the committed affairs among the companies in Formosa Industrial Park had been concluded in 3 pollution control review meetings were held on April 10th, July 13th, and October 30th, respectively. The representatives of Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park were invited to explain and conclude the committee members’ opinions in three conferences in 2011 and the project administering situations. They also made a special report for annually expected target and revised regulations in 2012. The representatives of Sixth Naphtha Cracking Industrial Park also responded the opinions of the Advisory Committee at the 3rd pollution control review meeting. The relevant units of the Environmental Protection Bureau also pointed out errors regarding the control inefficiencies of the examination for this year. We will keep checking out and reviewing pollution reduction effects and improve the inefficiencies afterwards.
VI. Provide current coastal industrial air pollutants inspection and control plan consulting training and technology transfer to Environmental Protection Bureau.
The first educational training workshop was completed on June 29th, 2012. Experts and scholars were invited to give a presentation on data analysis and applications of environmental monitoring and inspection within this workshop. It is expected that these data can be applied to relevant projects, and to provide the Environmental Protection Bureau with massive information as the references to develop various control strategies. The 2nd training workshop was held on October 29th, and it aimed on “emergency responding system” operation. It is expected that if emergency happens, the information of corporation and on-site conditions can be quickly controlled.