Establishing an efficient End-of-life vehicle (ELV) recovery and recycling system has been an important task for preventing environmental issues caused by waste automobiles in almost all countries worldwide. Along with her rapid economical growth, Mainland China also actively engages in the development of circulative economy which includes establishment of the domestic recycling and reuse system for ELVs. This project is aimed to collect information on political strategies, administrative regulations, and business operations related to treatment and recycling of waste vehicles through observatory site-visits on selected enterprises and institutions in the Mainland China. We hope that observations and suggestions made can be useful to EPA in the regulatory or legal aspects and beneficial to the recycling and treatment enterprises in evaluating their operation and business strategies. In accordance with the goals and requirements of this project, we have accomplished the following goals: A total of 10 institutions/enterprises were visited in this study and communication on ELV recycling and management system cross the strait was achieved.. Types of the visited organizations are broad and complete. A report on the observatory study was delivered. The waste vehicle recycling systems has been studied from the aspects of government regulations, recycling/treatment technology, environmental protection, and economical feasibility, Suggestions and analysis are made for future development on the cross-strait opportunities for the ELV recycling industry. ELV recycling policies and recycling systems in Mainland China and Taiwan have been compared and analyzed in the four aspects of political mechanism, technical requirements, environmental regulations, and economic circumstances. Discussion and SWOT analysis on developing for ELV treatment and recycling business in Taiwan are performed. And suggestions are drawn for the business opportunities in Mainland.
Major conclusions and suggestions are,
(1) Realizing the conversation with related business and institutions of ELV recycling and treatment and exchanging information on ELV recycling through cross strait communication. Future communication channel has also been established.
(2) Collecting information on current status and future trends of the ELV industry in mainland China.
(3) ELV recycling systems are different cross strait due to their different management schemes. The leading governmental offices are economic development agencies in China, while the major role in Taiwan is environmental protection agency.
(4) Law enforcement is still behind the law formation in Mainland; therefore, concerns on illegal disposal of waste exists which may influence the environmental quality.
(5) It can be expected that the ELV recycling market grows continuously as the law formation and implementation moves on.
(6) It is suggested that studies on the feasibility of financial incentives and mandatory retiring conditions may encourage more end-of-life vehicles entering formal recycling and treatment system.
(7) It is suggested that recycling of certain major parts can be evaluated. Promoting re-manufacturing and reuse of major vehicle parts needs guidelines and test protocols for resource recycling.
(8) Beijing and Shanghai, having population over 10 million, are in urgent need of effective environmental management system. It is suggested that continuous communicationswith these cities are practical and beneficial to both sides in the future.
(9) It is suggested that ELV recycling business and industry in Taiwan should actively participate in activities to know more about the market in Mainland China.