With the gradual formation of global village life style, environmental problems have become international common issues. The responding measures have been changed from the past passive pollution treatment to active prevention planning in advance. The objectives are for sustained utilization of resources, prosperous advancement of the two major issues: economic development and environmental protection. Thus, how to create economic development while take care of living environment quality has become an important issue for the government. Water pollution, with its characteristics of having immediate affect on the living quality of people, is the environmental issue with top priority. It also becomes the priority items in pollution improvement for the government.....
Since the public announcement of 1991 revised Water Pollution Control Act, it has been bringing the management spirit of honest report into permit system. This improved permit system is greatly helpful in collecting and controlling the basic information of the water pollution sources to offer the industrial wastewater administrative control standards. Furthermore, aiming to efficiently manage the permit data and relevant information, the MIS (Management Information System) of industrial water pollution has been gradually established and developed in recent year, to provide the foundation for the efficient management of the water pollution sources. These improvements have been actively contributing to the control of the industrial wastewater pollution in an extremely positive way
In the past years, to improve the pollution situation and promote water quality within variety of rivers areas of the administrative area, Environmental Protection Bureau, Yilan County Government (EPB, Yilan) emphasized on the implementation of the water quality investigation and interdiction before the discharge water into the rivers from the main pollution source industries and community sewers. By taking this administrative control measure, it looks forward to decreasing the water pollutants discharge into the rivers. However, the investigation and interdiction is only considered one of the passive pollution control methods. Thus, in order to efficiently achieve the decrease of the water pollutant discharge from the industrial wastewater and communities sewers, it requires the long-term continuous inspection tours of the river pollution sources to control and prevent the illegal actions; besides, strengthening the control and guidance of the pollution sources to ensure the routine operation of the wastewater treatment facilities, is obviously considered as an effective strategy at this present stage.
In this year 2012, to improve and perfect the performance of the water pollution control, EPB, Yilan proposes the“Year 101Yilan County water pollution sources investigation control and the northern marine water quality monitoring plan”, including accomplishment of the discharge permit system, strengthening the inspection and control of the water pollution sources, evaluating the function of the wastewater treatment facilities, seal or removal of the hidden discharge pipeline, implementation of the water quality and ecology investigation, as well as the northern marine water quality monitoring.
In the attempt to provide EPB to master the water pollution control status within country’s water pollution sources, the Plan is mainly designed for EPB in two significant promotion targets including water pollution source inspection control work, and water quality monitoring work. In accordance with the public announcement of the selection guide, such as designed plan objectives, work items, job contents, and work timetable, the Plan conduct an program of the relevant operation and database establishment in order to achieve the information integration and analysis work. In addition, the Plan’s inspection and control work offers the further supervision toward the regulated enterprises to exactly implement the operation maintenance of water pollution control facilities, and accomplish the water quality improvement within county’s variety of river area monitoring stations.
A. Assisting in investigation work of the regulated water pollution source industries
B. Performing of database management, establishment, maintenance, and renew work of relevant permit document of water pollution control plan.
C. Assisting in conducting the variety of water pollution control plans, permit auditing, granting and the relevant operations.
D. Assisting in checking, removal and seal of the hidden or unknown discharge pipelines
E. Assessment of wastewater treatment facilities function of water pollution sources.
F. Holding of relevant laws & regulations declaration (promotion) session and educational promotion activities.
G. Execution of regular water quality monitoring work for the rivers and the lakes.
H. Implementation of the ecology investigation for the designated river areas.
I. Analysis of water quality monitoring data and estimation of water pollution load.
J. Determination and implementation of emergency response measures in the unexpected water pollution event.
K. Implementation of the northern marine water monitoring work (Including Taichung City, Miaoli County, Hsinchu County, Hsinchu City, Taoyuan County, New Taipei City, Keelung City, Yilan County and Hualien County)
L. Conduct of water pollution control work and marine monitoring website renew and maintenance works.
M. Assisting in collection and management of assessment data on water and marine pollution control relevant works
N. Research of various operation plans and result reports.
To develop Yilan being a joyful hometown, Yilan county government has targeted “Build Yilian a happy county” as the general administrative goal of Yilan county. Based on the Yilan county administrative goals, environmental conservation development strategies are mainly be designed into four aspects of directions. They are included that nature conservation policy stresses on prevention measure, public nuisance control policy stresses on the efficient control, environmental plan policy emphasizes on resources used in a sustainable manner, and that accident prevention and response policy emphasizes on the strict and prompt response system. To sum up, the Plan is significantly carrying into effect of efficient river pollution prevention, water pollution accident response, and nature conservation.
To ensure the river water quality, the major works are to control water pollution and ensure the cleanliness of water resources in order to maintain ecological systems, enhance the living environment and advance public health. Thus, the Plan is proposed to apply the monitoring results as a standard for estimating the achievement of the decrease of pollution sources and water body load; besides, the Plan is designed to aim to inspect and control enterprise unit wastewater discharge, improve water body and water quality, and clean water body environment. In policy promotion, the Plan adopts to control the pollution sources and integrate variety of information to accomplish management assessment system, build an excellent water ecology environment, and to reduce the impact of the society and economic activities on the environment, in order to achieve the sustainable development of the happy city as soon as possible.
Furthermore, the Plan is specifying the proper water quality monitoring stations within the northern marine areas to conduct the regular marine environment monitoring and establish the marine background information, which provide the major evaluation and comparison reference for the future vital development projects; besides, the Plan is also programmed to review the current water quality condition in accordance with the monitoring results, clarify and trace the pollution sources to master the pollution treatment timing ,and take further proper control and response improvement plan.
The Plan is estimated to achieve the following performance items:
A. Strengthening of water bodies and water quality monitoring work to ensure the water quality condition of the rivers within the water source area, in order to reflect the security of the drinking water sources and master the updated water quality condition and its change, which would be the major guiding principle for the further pollution control.
B. Promotion of permit and report system; implementation of assessment work for industrial unit discharge water and sludge volume; analysis of abnormal condition and full inspection work by combining the on-line reports.
C. Establishment of pollution source databases, monitoring station information and current watershed condition analysis for EPB to hold the updated Yilan Country pollution source conditions in order to definitely determinate the future protection and control strategies.
D. Establishment of marine background database through monitoring marine water quality, which would be the assessment standard for the future vital development project, and be the reference for promotion of marine ecology conservation.
E. Foundation of establishment of marine area pre-warning system.
F. Implementation of marine water monitoring work of the northern counties & cities and mastering of the northern marine. water quality variation to accomplish full environment monitoring and pollution control.
G. Mastering of environment and ecology pollution treatment timing through the establishment of hydrological environment, water quality and sensitive ecology preserve to make full use of pre-warning function of environmental variation.
H. Establishment of local marine monitoring database to provide the sharing information within the area.
I. Establishment of county’s marine and water pollution event response system, such as strengthening of oil pollution emergency response faculty and notification communication, investigation and integration of relevant unit of marine oil pollution treatment facilities capacity in order to decrease the damage due to the unexpected accident event.
J. Achievement of pollution inspection and control work for the commercial, industrial, fishing harbor, passage ship and the marine.