With the development of industry and the advancement of technology, the development of marine resources has brought huge economic benefits to mankind. It also let the marine ecosystem of Taiwan have to face major impact. In order to safeguard the precious marine resources and ecological environment, and reduce marine pollution incidents the impact of Taiwan, to promote enthusiasm marine pollution prevention and to establish the regional marine pollution emergency response system is very important. Domestic marine pollution incident, the first respond burden often falls on the competent authority. Counties and municipal strain resources contain the management and maintenance of strain human and equipment. The initial strain will determine to be good or bad. The difficulty of The competent authority for the implementation of the marine pollution response equipment management and maintenance is that most of the industry control officers did not have the background of specialized machinery, could easily lead to the situation of the poor maintenance of equipment. It could be not to use the equipment for the first time. The failed recycling performance could not induce the reducing the spread of contamination. This project by to strengthen marine pollution emergency response capabilities and contingency mechanisms, thus evaluation of local governments Oil Pollution Response Equipment Readiness could be implemented properly use. In addition to survey the classification of sensitive indicators of the marine environment, to provide information on marine pollution emergency, contingency reference provided by diversity strategy planning future incidents, hoping to enhance the strain of actual job performance.
The main work of this project: strengthening of marine oil pollution emergency response capabilities and response mechanisms; evaluation of the local governments Oil Pollution Response Equipment, the to implement energy properly Readiness efficiency; handle the survey of the sensitive areas of the marine environment of central region and build environmentally sensitive map; support for marine oil pollution emergency administrative assistance to enhance the performance of the actual job.
Domestic marine pollution response equipment was compiled purchase budget by the Environmental Protection Department since 1990, then handed over to the Coast Guard or local authority. The equipment is from the ground up and the strain energy is gradually improving. This project suggested regular checks throughout the strain equipment and replacement update applies to the device. In addition to sign the opening contracts or support agreed to a multi-pronged strategy, enrich and link domestic marine oil pollution strain energy savings in government funding.
For the combination of national marine oil pollution response resources and energy, safeguarding the marine environment and protecting the marine resources, this project organized a marine pollution emergency response equipment assessment review of the study and Conference at the end of this year. Attending units contain county and city environmental protection bureau, Marine Bureau, Fisheries Agency, Coast Guard Administration, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of the interior. By analysis of marine pollution emergency response equipment and energy of the relevant domestic departments and units, to help response units exchange experience and enhance the marine pollution response equipment energy and at the same time can improve professional response.
This project is to complete a sensitive indicator of the marine environment of the central region counties (Hsinchu County, Hsinchu City, Miaoli County, Taichung City, Changhua County, Yunlin County and Chiayi County) Category 236 km survey, build environmentally sensitive map in addition to the decision makers according Coast classification choice of the appropriate method of decontamination, and other ecologically sensitive areas and the human use of resources can help policy makers decide to protect the subject priority. Since the ecology and fisheries resources are precious and important asset, have to avoid the need to spend a lot of price destruction or situation could not be undone. Therefore the usually monitoring would be more important. There is a proposal to continue to collect ecological data, survey information and integration of related units combined with the oil spill mode, in order to enrich and improve the environmentally sensitive map.
In order to improve the actual needs and enhance the immediate strain energy during marine oil pollution response period, by planning to build the full-time strain support work process, reviewing of local government marine oil pollution response drill plan, assessment of oil industry strain operational capability,combined with a the former examples instance set marine oil pollution emergency operating procedures and response matters, which can effectively enhance the actual operating performance of marine oil pollution emergency.