The National Greenhouse Gas Inventory is the most significant database regarding to accounting purpose of anthropogenic GHG emissions and absorption by parties of the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol in order to further understand the implementation progress and assess the mitigation accomplishment under the Kyoto Protocol. After the post-Kyoto Durban agreement was adopted, parties of Annex I were mandated to submit their National Inventory Reports, Biennial Report, and National Communications; in the meanwhile, the parties of Non-Annex I were requested to submit Biennial Update Reports, and National Communications, which all cover some of overlap content in National Greenhouse Gas Inventory. In 2013 Warsaw Climate Convention, the decision regarding to work programme on the revision of the guidelines for review of biennial report and national communication was adopted. The Annex-I parties shall complete international assessment and review (IAR) for their national reports; whereas the non-Annex I parties shall also complete international consultation and analysis (ICA).
Since the UNFCCC has made significant progress in guidelines and review guideline of national reports; in end of 2012, Taiwan EPA convened the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory committee and hosted several review meetings. Till end of 2014, nine consulting review meetings were successfully held. The committee decided to initiate editing procedure for Taiwan National Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Taiwan EPA published 2014 ROC’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report and show its determination to comply with the rule request of the UNFCCC.
To this end, this project keeps following the developing trend of guidelines and international emission situation. The project will also assist Taiwan EPA to construct and promote systematic working mechanisms for national greenhouse gas inventory through hosting consulting review meetings under the 2006 IPCC guideline. The project will expend and maintain the web registry platform of Taiwan’s national greenhouse gas inventory. The tasks of this project cover comprehensive fields including operating review mechanism, maintaining web-basis registry platform, establishing a webpage for the 2015 inventory report, and compiling a summary brochure for the 2015 inventory report.
The main objectives of this project include:
1. Analyze the regulation content, review progress and international emission trends for national greenhouse gas inventory under the UNFCCC.
This project accomplished all items. Two decisions of the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol were interpreted. Review reports of the inventories from EU, USA and Japan were revolved for reference to proposing suggestion for Taiwan’s inventory report and national communication in line with Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act. On the aspect of compliance of first commitment under Kyoto protocol, this project collected the data about the parties’ accounts. Iceland may not reach its commitment. However the UNFCCC Secretary will publish the compliance conditions of parties on May 2016. As to international GHG indicators and CCPI, the project analyzed the newest data from IEA, UNEP and GermanWatch. Global GHG emissions from WRI was newly added to be based on drawing up Taiwan’s INDC.
The main suggestion for this work item were proposed. It’s necessary to establish the rules and principals for compiling and reviewing the inventory report according to relative criteria of the UNFCCC and IPCC. To build up an international GHG and its indicator database is very important and in an urgent need. Except to continue to keep contact with GermanWatch for gaining updated information on CCPI, to pass the English important information on Taiwan policy and act in time to GermanWatch and to consult with experts for responding to CCPI are very helpful for improving Taiwan’s CCPI ranking.
2. Assist Taiwan EPA to organize the review meetings of national GHG inventory committee and improve statistics quality on Taiwan’s national greenhouse gas inventory.
This Project hold three committee meetings of inventory review and eight workshops with the ministries and their think tanks. The discussed issues included classification of the steel industry emission, assignment of responsibility on LULUCF issue, emission factors for livestock and the details of the GHG act. 2015 Taiwan’s NIR was compiled and the trend of GHG during 1990~2013 was integrated from the ministries by the project.
The main suggestion for this work item were proposed. In line with the GHG Act, EPA should request the ministries to submit the inventory and its reports on time and update them in time. In at least two weeks before the committee meeting of review, the ministries should pass and upload all material or report to the register platform in order that the reviews could refer to. Drawing up the guideline of compiling and reviewing inventory could work for improving the quality of compile and review.
3. Improve the web-basis registry platform of Taiwan’s national greenhouse gas inventory matching the operation of national GHG inventory committee.
This project helped the think tanks upload their data to the web-basis registry platform and explained the operation to the reviewers. Besides, it also updated all discussed materials to the plate form. Based on the updated inventory, key resources were identified.
The main suggestion for this work item were proposed. This project suggest the ministries and think tanks could use the platform more frequently. Retrieval function for activity data and the UNFCCC CRF could be expended into the platform. The key resources could be the priority objective for mitigation. To promote a policy and measurements with the key resources could improve the mitigation performance.
4. Establish a webpage and compile a summary brochure for the 2015 inventory report for helping the public understanding Taiwan’s national GHG inventory.
This project accomplished a summary brochure for the 2015 inventory report, a folding, website, the press text and presentations. The information on international comparison of GHG relative indicator was added in to the new folding, which text size is bigger than one last year. This project suggests we could invite the Art scholars from colleges to design innovative brochure for promoting its readability and the public’s acceptability.