The main goal of this project is to develop an instruction to help decision makers of the city to discover or identify city`s vulnerability then build resilience in city. In order to achieve this goal, we collect methods and strategies from success examples worldwide. Also, this project developed an action plan to help government construct international non-government organization so that our government can make connection to globalization and Sustainable Development Goals. The work process and result can be summarized as follows:
(A)Broaden the partnership between different cities and regional unit.
1.This project collect program from international organizations such as GERMANWATCH, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and so on. For example, Global Sustainability Report Association (GRI) is committed to promoting the development of sustainable reporting, while the other organizations focus on developing international environmental planning policies.
2.In the same time, in order to understand work from the international and inter-governmental organizations and projects, the project analyze program from organization like International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) and the Urban Climate Change Leadership Group (C40), then we discover that ICLEI holds international forum to discuss resilient issue and Compact of Mayor urges cities to set greenhouse gas reduction targets, while other international organizations focus on exchanging experience and look forward to cooperation with each other.
3.Since the Paris agreement enter into force on November 4, 2016, ideas like mitigation, adaptation, capital, technology are also mentioned in the content. In order to make connection to the international low carbon trend and broaden people`s horizon and show the effort from professionals or businesses on carbon reduction efforts, and green economy. This project compiled a special issue to collect all the different climate view. And invited experts from industry, government, academia and academia to contribute to the theme of "Reduction Policies under Nationally Determined Contribution ", "Developing Green Energy Technology on Climate Change" and "Low Carbon Economy under Industrial Transformation". Finally, this issue contains 17 articles.
(B)Construct the partnership network and systematically collect low-carbon information.
1.Non-government organization plays an important role in social and environmental issue. As a result, this project follows the program from the International Business Council (ICC), The Climate Group, Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies, and the Rockefeller foundation which is from the European Union, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The International Business Association (ICC) mainly focuses on the development of international economic and trade, rules and practices in the field. The Climate Group tracks and analyzes international trends in climate change and low-carbon policies, sharing and advocacy case practices.
2. At the same time, this project consider likelihood of the promotion for our country then collected Taiwan Health Promotion and Health Education Association (THPEA), the society for worldwide and nature (SWAN) and other organizations for case study. Then this project found that these cases are mainly established in the country and gradually evolved into international non-government organizations (INGOs). This project also proposes three future initiatives to promote the establishment of INGO: (1) Evolve the existing partnership directly into the INGO, the register outside the country (2) Establish an domestic NGO then join another INGO or expand branch outside the country. According to the analysis, this project recommend second choice, which is the integration of public and private sector resources to expand the scope of participation, so that INGO can become a climate change adaptation platform and invite neighbors to join in. By building partnerships, climate adaptation network, government can share the experience on climate change with other countries, as well as joining the international studies and projects.
3.When it comes to the developing an international exchange platform, the project collects cases of different types of platforms: (1) climate cooperation laboratories, (2) C2C in Taiwan, (3) international climate action networks. The exchange model can be divided into three patterns: (1) the construction of network-based platform, (2) international conference forums, (3) organize cooperation network. After conduct SWOT analysis and further assesses feasibility, this project discover that the key to establishing an international exchange platform is funding, human involvement and goals, government support and sponsorship through public-private partnerships will facilitate the establishment of international exchanges platform.
(C)Developing resilient cities assessment mechanism to deal with climate change strategy and encourage sustainable development.
1.This project collect program from the UNISDR, UN-Habitat, Resilient Cities, 100 Resilient Cities, ICLEI, the International Commission on Local Environmental Action (ICLEI), the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction , Arup Company (ARUP) and other international organizations, in which the Arup Corporation and the Rockefeller Foundation establish the resilience framework which contain four different aspects: "leadership and strategy "and" economic and social "," health and welfare "," environment and infrastructure ". This framework comes from not only the collection of 24 cities in the case study, but also interviews from stakeholders during ground surveys, which covers the most extensive aspect among different frameworks.
2.In order to synchronize with the international trend, which define the indicators and carefully select the indicators, then select the resilient cities. If this project`s goal is to make connect with the international evaluation system, then following the evaluation system will be the most important. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a local self-identify indicators to discuss resilience rather than just "climate resilience" but from large scale and different aspect, so that City Managers can find city`s vulnerability through the indicators; This project builds on the four pillars of the city's resilience framework: Leadership and Strategy, Economic and Social, Health and Well-being, Infrastructure and the Environment, and 52 self-identify indicators under it. At the same time, in order to help promote and make the user more easily understand the content, this project also wrote reference guide which contains three steps, the first step "understanding resilience", the second step "using self-identify tool" Third-step "developing urban strategy" as reference for local government. Moreover, in order to improve visualization, the reference guide is made into e-books for use.