The goals of this project are to strengthen and put the management of stationary sources into practice through pragmatic review of related management systems and rules. Thus, this project divided into 4 major parts in accordance with the emission control strategies planned by Taiwan Clean Air Act. The 4 parts are 1) integrate air pollution control strategy and construct integrated permitting management system, 2) integrate the existing resources and promote horizontal management for pollution, 3) use rolling review to pollution emission control and supervise local organization for effective implementation, 4) add and expand information system management of stationary source and enhance controlled data quality.
Based on the permits as the management platform this year (2016), the project started to explore the total quantity control system, harmful air pollutants, and seasonal permitting control as the key points to the revision of permitting management regulations, and using rolling review for administrative management to construct integrated permitting management policies；The amendment of the permitting management method includes the estimation of permitted emission, which makes the emission measurement to be consistent and adjusts the change of threshold for permits in accordance with「Permitting of stationary sources of air pollution」；Research and modify the condition of the ninth announcement and use the whole plant for public or private place for permitting management unit; Simultaneously, add new regulations related to total quantity control in the review of guidelines in order to integrate permits and total quantity control systems. On the other hand, for the types of pollutants under permitting management, add new air pollution charges with 13 individual species and vinyl chloride according to the four traditional pollutants and harmful air pollutants from the processes of several sectors, it will cooperate with the harmful air pollutant control and import risk assessment management；From the aspect of air pollution control and seasonal permitting control, research and simulate the permit use of raw coal to be incorporated into the simplified control scheme in order to address seasonal adverse effects and encourage the use of low-polluting fuels, plus public the Air Pollution Control Act「The power to use low-polluting gaseous fuels for power generation in public or private places or those receiving low-polluting gaseous fuels for use in power facilities shall be subject to review and approval and shall be exempted」. It is expected that four gas units in the south region will increase their capacity by 10% with extra 980 million kWh / year and an estimated increase about 6 tons / year of PM2.5, 240 tons / year of nitrogen oxides. Moreover, the same grid for coal-fired units down-load, can reduce 21 tons of PM2.5, 472 tons of sulfur oxides, and 682 tons of nitrogen oxides emissions.
In view of the permitting system as the basic platform for air pollution control, and has a large stationary source emissions reporting, regular testing data and the use of raw materials and other related information. To make the permitting management system playing a more powerful preventive management mechanism, this year’s (2016) annual summary inspection results of dioxin and environmental inspection system from every county and city found that the use of wood or wood chips in small and medium-sized boilers have a dioxin excessive rate for 36% and 80% of petition rate; As a result, the project participates the inter-ministerial conference to advocate the development of biofuel quality standards, re-use of waste fuel qualifications, revision of boiler energy saving regulations, and guidance for large capacity boilers. With better efficiency boilers such as fluidized boilers and the manufactures with complete control equipment as the main object for disposal of waste. On the other side, in order to offer the investigation mechanism of unlisted plants to every county and city, which filters nearly 74,000 unlisted public or private places via the objects of stationary source control database compared to the business and related registration information from public or private places, it reveals that the main portion centralize in New Taipei City (25%), Taichung City (21%), and Taoyuan City (12%), then the list was handed over to the local authorities to carry out inventory operations. In addition to the inspection of high-polluting boilers and the inventory of unlisted plants, the unified emission sources are the same after the legal system according to the emission management mechanism of environmental impact assessment region. This project aggregates 44 industrial zones with environmental impact assessment commitments in Taiwan, it is hoped that the mechanism of regional emission management and emission control platform will be adopted, and master the permit quantity of environmental impact assessment region.
In order to understand the local authorities for the implementation of various regulatory standards and emission practical status, not only executed the rolling review the optimized available control technologies, emission standards for semiconductor and photo-electronic industry but carrying out in-depth audits. This proposal focus on boilers and Kaohsiung/Pingtung area emissions recognition this year (2016), and founded out that the wood-burning boiler waste wood which mixed with livelihood garbage lead to an increase in water combustion due to open-air pile-up and under-table battered boiler purchasing. The emission of the existing 546 recognized emissions of the document has been completed operated, and 70 have not obtained an operating permit and that the next phase of operations. Further comparisons were made between the object of annual emissions and actual emissions in 2015, and the actual emission of both sulfur oxides and volatile organic compounds were accounted for 50% of the annual emissions, while particulate pollutants and nitrogen oxides accounted for 38%. In the future, sulfur oxides and volatile organic compounds still have a large space to enhance the implementation of reduction.
The permitting management system of stationary source of pollution relies on permits control, emissions reporting, periodic testing and inventory control information that are updating and operating for the large database. Full control information is provided in the development and planning of control strategies. This year (2016), more development of geographic information systems have been further applied in order to strengthen information management of stationary source；Also, new equipment with periodic inspection report function were added at the same time, and will promote declaration assignment of network for air pollutants. From the aspect of information quality improvement work, a total of 21,196 factories have more than 180,000 pollution sources； Therefore, the data inspection operation this year has already been executed for ten times with 90.1% average compliance rate until December first in order to maintain the system and data quality.