The National Greenhouse Gas Inventory is the most significant database regarding to accounting purpose of anthropogenic GHG emissions and absorption by parties of the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol in order to further understand the implementation progress and assess the mitigation accomplishment. In the light of trend of Paris Agreement (PA) negotiated at UNFCCC COP 22 in 2016, the national reports under the UNFCCC would possibilly emerge the transparency of parties’ results for tackling clmate change under Art.13 of PA and become important for global stocktake under Art.14 of PA.
In end of 2012, Taiwan EPA convened the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory committee and hosted several review meetings. Till now 2014, 2015 and 2016 ROC’s NIRs had been compiled and published. The Legislative Yuan adopted Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act (hereinafter to be referred as GHG Act) in June 2015. Art. 13 of GHG act and its enforcement rules requests central competent authority must compile national inventory and national report on GHG. In the trend of more attention on international GHG data and report, this project aims to grasp the negotiation progress of the relative modalities under UNFCCC and PA and the tendency of international emissions. Besides it focuses on assisting Taiwan EPA to construct and promote the systematic operational mechanism for national GHG inventory, including the operation of review committee of national GHG inventory, maintain and update the web-basis registry platform of national GHG inventory based on 2006 IPCC guideline, develop mobil APP for inventory, complete 2017 Taiwan NIR, plan the process for compilation and review of national report, compile draft national report(Chinese and English Edition), establish a webpage for the 2017 invetory and compiling a summary brochure for promoting understanding of the citeszen on national GHG inventory.
The main objectives and outcomes of this project include:
1. To master the modalities and review progress of UNFCCC national report and national GHG inventory.
This work item of the project has completed analyses of transparency, global stocktake and NDC accounting under Paris Agreement, 2019 refinement of 2016 IPCC guideline, review results of national inventories and cancellation of policy under 6th national communication. Suggestions about taking stock of domestic GHG sources and removals referring to new guidance and updates under 2019 refinement and planning and promoting domestic stocktake mechanism are raised.
2. To analyze research report and data materials from important international think tanks and organisations and establish a database of international GHG emissions.
This work item of the project has completed the update and expansion of international GHG database and made the analyses of CCPI 2018, GHG emission per capita, the renewable energy share of total prime energy supply (TPES), TPES per capita and structure of GHG emissions. Taiwan got disadvantageous situations among the above indexes or indicators. This project proposes suggestions Taiwan should increase policy target of renewable energy for approaching international 2℃ target, explore advantageous descriptions referring to long-term data set, for example, Kuznets curves, other international indicators or performance indicator which could be developed by ourselves and try to join international evaluation, such as CAT.
3. To assist Taiwan EPA to operate the review meetings of national GHG inventory committee and complete to compile and publish Taiwan 2017 NIR.
This work item of the project has held two review meetings of the inventory and six discussion meetings, compiled and published Taiwan 2017 national inventory report, simplified report and brochures and utilize Divisia index analysis to calculate factor contributions of main sectors. A suggestion to study the co-movement effect of GHG sources and removals is raised.
4. To strengthen and maintain the web-basis registry platform of national GHG inventory and develop mobil APP for inventory.
This work item of the project has completed the maintenance and update of the registration platform for national GHG inventory, mobil APP for inventory and draft CRF tables. This project suggests that to make cooperation with the statistical unites and audit the data from the sectors and strengthen calculation and statistic function for enhancing the value of the registration platform and assisting the sectors to make relative analyses.
5. To assist Taiwan EPA to hold the relative work meetings and compile draft national report (Chinese and English Edition) according to the process for compilation and review of national report.
This work item of the project has completed the plan of national report, held 4 discussion meetings for national report compiler and proposed the draft report. This project suggests EPA hosts cross-ministry discussion meetings for national report compiler during next year. And draw up a national reporting mechanism (or domestic climate stocktake mechanism) could be taken into consideration.