(1) Indoor air quality operations
The 110-year plan is to conduct inspections with direct-reading instruments. From June to October, a total of 30 inspections were completed. The CO2 concentration value fell between 524 and 886 ppm. The inspection results in all locations met the CO2 regulatory standard value of 1000 ppm. In addition, the administrative operations of laws and regulations (regular inspection, self-inspection, air-conditioning cleaning, and online declaration) are checked for the listed places. In the part of non-listed sites, there are 20 non-listed units planned to be announced by the Environmental Protection Agency. Inspections have been carried out in accordance with the evaluation requirements of the Environmental Protection Agency. The planned inspection results did not find any CO2 exceeding the standard, and the CO2 concentration value fell to 529. Between ~821ppm, the indoor air quality of the display place is good.
According to the inspection results, 5 sites with poor indoor air or special circumstances were selected for management, and 3 experts and scholars were invited to provide improvement measures. In addition, they also conducted indoor air quality inspections in public places, and counseling members reminded the places of pollution such as formaldehyde and bacteria. Things need more attention.
5 independent labels and excellent labels have been completed. For the non-listed places, the inspection method has replaced the evaluation standard with three times the number of homes, and a total of 20 non-listed places have been inspected.
(CO2 standard value 1000ppm)
(2) Operation and maintenance of air quality monitoring stations
Maintain the normal operation of the air quality manual measuring stations (3 places) and automatic measuring stations (2 places) within the jurisdiction of the county, so as to complete the collection and setting out of TSP, PM10, PM2. Maintenance work; the automatic measuring station part also completes the regular maintenance of the two stations every two times a month, and the data availability rate is over 85%.
1. Manual station operation and maintenance operations and monitoring results
TSP, PM10, PM2.5 samplers in the three manual stations were under normal operation and regular maintenance work. As of the end of December 2011, a total of 24 regular maintenance work was carried out, and no temporary failure occurred and additional maintenance was required. and perform multi-point calibration and maintenance on a quarterly basis. In 2011, the average measured value of TSP at the manual station from January to December was 21 μg/m3, which was 27% lower than the average of the same period in the previous three years. The average measured value of PM10 from January to December was 19 μg/m3, down 13% from the average of the same period in the previous three years. The average measured value of PM2.5 from January to December was 8.3 μg/m3, down 24% from the average of the same period in the previous three years. The amount of dust falling in 110 was not much different from that in the same period in 109. The average amount of dust falling from January to December in 2011 was 3.3 (metric tons/square kilometer/month), which was in line with the regulatory standards.
(TSP annual standard value 130μg/m3, PM10 annual standard value 35μg/m3, PM2.5 annual standard value 15μg/m3)
2. Automatic station operation and maintenance operations and monitoring results
This year's plan calls for regular maintenance twice a month. As of the end of December 2011, the team carried out 24 regular maintenance work on the monitoring equipment of Fenglin Station, and performed annual maintenance and calibration of the automatic station on a quarterly basis. During the implementation of this project, the average data availability rate of Fenglin Station from January to December was over 85%, and the monthly sampling data of the automatic station completed the data submission as scheduled. From January to December 2011, the monitoring items of SO2, NO2, CO, O3 and other monitoring items at Fenglin Station are not significantly different from those of the Hualien Station of the Environmental Protection Agency. The measured value was 25 μg/m3, a decrease of 19% compared with the average of the same period of the previous three years, and the average value of PM10 in Yuli from January to December was 17 μg/m3, an increase of 21% compared with the average of the same period of the previous three years.
(PM10 year standard value 35μg/m3)
3. Effectiveness and achievement of local characteristic control Control or research work related to PM10 and PM2.5
The average mass concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 measured by designated stations from January to October 2021 without distinguishing the influence of airflow sources were 20, 8 and 12 μg/m3, respectively; under the influence of the northeast monsoon, respectively 20, 8, and 12 μg/m3; under the influence of high-pressure backflow, 23, 10, and 13 μg/m3; under the influence of Pacific high pressure, 17, 6, and 11 μg/m3, respectively; under the influence of southwest airflow, 22, 9, and 13 μg/m3, respectively 13 μg/m3; 18, 10 and 8 μg/m3 under the influence of mainland China.
From January to October 2021, the predominant species of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 particles collected by designated stations in Hualien County under the influence of different airflow sources are all dominated by SO42-, while PM2.5-10 is affected by Pacific high pressure and southwest airflow. The dominant species is OC, and the rest of the airflow patterns are NO3-. The estimated water-soluble ion source of PM2.5 particles is the highest secondary derived salts, and PM2.5-10 particles are seawater-related ions and secondary derived salts. The proportions of both classes are equal. The estimation results of the water-soluble ion composition in the particles estimated by the chloride ion loss method showed that the PM2.5 particles were all dominated by ammonium sulfate salts; the PM2.5-10 particles were dominated by sodium chloride and sodium nitrate. On the whole, the characteristics of particles collected by designated stations in Hualien County from January to October 2021 are not much different from those of the same period last year, and the degree of pollution caused by immigration in 2021 will be less than that in 2020.
(PM10 year standard value 35μg/m3, PM2.5 year standard value 15μg/m3)
(3) Green beautification, air quality purification area
In order to continue the pollution purification work, this year, the plan assisted the Hualien County Environmental Protection Bureau in the continuous promotion of the inspection and guidance of the air quality purification area, found deficiencies and urged the management unit to improve it, and organized a briefing session on the application of the air purification area to assist in the update. Many townships and cities have applied for the establishment of air purification zones, with the goal of maintaining good air quality in the county. From January to December, a total of 144 inspections in the air purification area of the county, 4 on-site evaluations of the air purification area, 24 base adoptions, and 11 carbon sink investigations were completed (in conjunction with Kangle Elementary School and Dahan Institute of Technology for education promotion Guide) and other operations, completed the campus green wall area of 136.38m2, and added an air quality purification zone with an area of 0.25 ha. He also participated in the 110-year adoption selection activity conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency, and reported respectively Gonger Park adopted by the Ji'an Watch and Support Team, Gendarmerie Park adopted by the Hualien Civil Life Community Development Association, Daoxiang Section of Taijiu Line, adopted by China Pulp Co., Ltd. and Asia Cement. Taopuge Sanitary Landfill and other 4 bases have achieved good results. The corporate award-winning units are Asia Cement (special contribution), China Pulp (special contribution), civil society units by Minsheng Community Development Association (special contribution), Ji'an Shouwang Mutual Aid Team (special contribution) Wait.
(4) Breathe heavily
A comprehensive table of the measurement results of PM2.5 mass concentration in low-carbon scenic spots in 2011 in cooperation with the county government's "big mouth breathing". In the first quarter, the average mass concentration of PM2.5 particles in low-carbon tourist attractions was measured manually, ranging from 7 to 23 μg/m3, with an average of 13 μg/m3; PM2 measured by a real-time PM2.5 measuring instrument .5 The mass concentration varies from 7 to 18 μg/m3, with an average value of 11 μg/m3.
In the second quarter, the average mass concentration of PM2.5 particles in low-carbon tourist attractions was measured manually, ranging from 7 to 14 μg/m3, with an average value of 11 μg/m3; PM2 measured by a real-time PM2.5 measuring instrument .5 The mass concentration varies from 8 to 14 μg/m3, with an average value of 11 μg/m3.
In the third quarter, the average mass concentration of PM2.5 particles in low-carbon tourist attractions was measured manually, ranging from 3 to 10 μg/m3, with an average value of 5 μg/m3; PM2 measured by a real-time PM2.5 measuring instrument .5 The mass concentration varies from 6 to 13 μg/m3, with an average value of 7 μg/m3.
In the fourth quarter, the average mass concentration of PM2.5 particles in low-carbon tourist attractions was measured manually, ranging from 5 to 10 μg/m3, with an average value of 8 μg/m3; PM2 measured by a real-time PM2.5 measuring instrument .5 The mass concentration varies from 9 to 13 μg/m3, with an average value of 10 μg/m3.
According to the statistics of the number of tourists from the Tourism Office of Hualien County, the number of visitors to Dongdamen Night Market business district is the largest, and the results of the number of tourists and the increase in PM2. During winter vacation), the concentration increase in Dongdamen Night Market is about 8~10 μg/m3. The number of tourists will directly affect the air quality of the night market, but even in peak season, the air quality in Dongdamen Night Market still meets the standard, which shows that the control of lampblack in the night market has a certain degree of control. effect.
According to the monitoring results of 7 low-carbon scenic spots in 110 years, the county has control over diesel vehicle air quality clean area, night market lampblack control, locomotive air quality clean area, air quality clean area and mobile pollution sources (vehicle exhaust). certain effect.
(PM2.5 annual standard value 15μg/m3)
(5) Continuous flue monitoring system CEMS
According to the contract specifications, the five factories in the county (Taiwan Cement Heping Plant, Asia Cement Hualien Plant, Heping Power Plant, Zhonghua Pulp Plant, and TCC Hualien Plant are under shutdown) are planned to conduct CGA, RATA, OP, potential and signal comparison, on-site inspection and other inspections. work, and the results are within regulatory limits.
From January to December 2011, it is planned to complete 13 CGA standard gas inspection operations (including Huazhi); 37 RATA supervision and inspection operations; 3 RATA inspection and testing operations; 60 supervision and regular inspection OP operations; 36 Sub-potential and signal input comparison operation (continuation of 108 years of innovative instruments for comparison); the percentage rate of effective monitoring is 97%. Statistics show that all operations from January to December are in compliance with regulations and standards.
In the CGA accuracy (%) part, the data of Huazhi falls between -2.04 and 9.30%, the data of Heping Thermal Power Plant falls between -2.32 and 2.87%, and the data of Asia Cement Hualien Plant falls between -6.79 and 0.84%. . The data of Taiwan Cement Peace Plant falls between -1.09% and 4.10%. The inspection results of each plant and the average value of the past three years are in line with the regulatory value.
In the part of relative accuracy RA (%), the NOxRA (%) data of each plant falls between 1.54 and 7.58%. The inspection results of each field and the average value of the past three years are in line with the regulatory value.
(Standard Gas Checking Accuracy % : -15%≦(CGA)Accuracy≦15%)
(Relative accuracy RA≦10%)
(6) Publicity briefings and meetings
1. Operation and Management of Air Purification Zone and Indoor Plant Promotion and Briefing Session
In this meeting, all bureaus, divisions and townships and municipal offices in the county government are invited to set up relevant personnel and the contractors of the existing empty product area maintenance units. One session will be held on January 28, 2011. About 85 people attended. It can encourage and urge the township and municipal offices to come up with a plan for setting up air purification zones and supervise and promote the maintenance and management of air quality purification zones. It can also improve the understanding of what suitable indoor plants in the public environment can change air quality through briefing sessions. concept, and explain the content of the EPA-subsidized green wall program.
2. CEMS connection briefing session
The participating manufacturers include Zhonghua Pulp Mill, TCC Hualien Mill, TCC Heping Mill, Asia Cement Hualien Mill and Heping Thermal Power Plant. This meeting requires all business operators to abide by the relevant provisions of the management measures for continuous automatic monitoring of air pollutants from fixed sources to avoid being fined for violating laws and regulations.
3. Indoor air quality self-management publicity briefing
Invite the chief of the Environmental Protection Agency as a lecturer for the first and second batch of announcement sites and pre-announcement sites. For sites and units with special needs for indoor air quality, explain the inspection standards, procedures, improvement methods, penalties, and the 110-year mark for promoting the self-management of indoor air quality, etc., as well as how to implement the self-management mechanism for indoor air quality, so that each Units and agencies may prepare indoor air quality management work in advance so that they can comply with the provisions of this law in the future. At the same time, the common problems encountered by the Environmental Protection Agency during the inspection over the years will be explained and discussed.
(7) Innovation as
It is planned to build a "clean air green wall" with an area of 10.35m2 in Hualien City's Guofeng Middle School, and the "Friendship Green Campus" will be implemented on September 26, 2011. Activities to achieve the effect of beautifying the green campus. Combined with environmental education to promote the "clean air green wall" to purify the air, it can provide students with good air quality in class, and at the same time achieve the effect of shading to reduce indoor temperature. At the same time, in order to achieve the effect of publicity, it is planned to promote the implementation results of 110 years of matchmaking enterprises in the implementation of "Campus Clean Air Green Wall" through multimedia platforms, so that more people can understand the benefits of campus green walls. Make the campus "a campus where teachers and students can breathe and parents feel at ease".