Project: 2021 Chiayi County Open Burning and Animal Husbandry Odor and Food and Beverage Oil-Smoke Prevention Project
Project period: January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021
Project budget: NT$9,480,000
Project leader: Lin Hongbin
Project manpower: Project manager Xu Wenbang, project engineers Chen Keyou, Chen Taijia, Xu Hengyu, Cai Chengyi, and Qiu Yongxiang, and project assistant engineer Liu Meiling.
The Project is the "2021 Chiayi County Open Burning and Animal Husbandry Odor and Food and Beverage Oil-Smoke Prevention Project," which aims to provide technical and human resources to effectively carry out open burning inspection and control, education and advocacy, and other related prevention work. The final report is a summary of the work performed during the period from January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021. In the course of the Project, each work item is summarized as follows：
I.On-site inspection and patrol of open burning
(I)From January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, a total of 953 open burning cases were investigated and processed, including 225 cases of grievance investigation, 261 cases of grievance review, 316 cases of proactive inspection and 151 cases of referral.
(II)Among the 683 open burning cases detected by the Project, by township and city, Minxiong Township has the most 124 cases (18.2%), followed by Shuixiang Township with 88 cases (12.8%), and then Xingang Township with 74 cases (10.8%). The relevant data has been built in the geographic information system (GIS).
(III)According to the analysis of the 683 open burning cases detected under the Project, the County had the highest number of burning plants-others, with 364 cases, of which the highest number was burning weeds (55%), followed by burning branches and leaves (195 cases). In addition, there was a total of 69 cases of burning waste such as solid waste and municipal waste (accounting for 10% of the total detected). The cross-reference of burned item type o with township shows that Minakami Township and Minhung Township each had the highest number of cases for burning "plants_other," which was 47, and Minhung Township had the highest number of cases for burning "branches and leaves," which was 49. For "solid waste_other" and "municipal waste", there were more cases in Minxiong Township (16 cases), Puzi City (11 cases), Taibao City (9 cases), and Shuixiang Township (9 cases).
(IV)The project set up a 12-member interim patrol team after the harvest of the first and second rice crops to investigate the movement of rice straw (removing, reusing, tilling and burying or open burning). This year, the implementation period for the first rice crop was from June 21 to August 6, 2021, and the implementation period for the first rice crop was from October 28 to December 10, 2021, for a total of 780 people/days.
(V)The Project submitted 37 cases on the pre-harvest early warning list for the first rice crop on May 28, 2021 and 42 cases on the pre-harvest early warning list for the second rice crop on September 28, 2021.
(VI)The County has set up 24 highpoint surveillance cameras and one mobile camera, and as of December 31, 2021, a total of 16 open burning cases were detected through the highpoint surveillance facilities.
(VII)As of December 31, 2021, a total of 31 aerial photography UAV patrols have been made, covering the areas including Puzi City, Taibao City, Lucao Township, Xingang Township, Minxiong Township, Zhongpu Township, Shuishui Township, etc. Three open burning cases were detected during this period.
II.Investigation on the flow of agricultural waste
(I)The Project investigated the movement of rice straw after the first and second rice crop harvesting (removing, reusing, tilling and burying or open burning). A total of 58,611 rice paddy fields and farmlands (18,268.9 hectares) has been surveyed in 2021, and most of the farmlands were able to corporate with tillage and burial decomposition measures (98.5%). A total of 57 farmlands (0.16%) with burn marks were detected for the two crops. The percentage of farmland area adopting non-open burning in both crops reached over 99%, which shows the effectiveness of the County's control measures.
III.Inspection and control of odor in livestock farms
(I)As of December 31, 2021, 330 inspections of the perimeter of the hot zone of livestock farms were carried out.
(II) As of December 31, 110, a total of 15 livestock farm odor sampling tests were conducted. Among them, only 5 livestock farms met the standards, and the relevant reports were submitted to the Environmental Protection Bureau.
IV.Control and counseling operations of the restaurant grease and smoke
(I)From January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, a total of 157 restaurant inspection and advocacy activities were conducted.
(II)According to the latest release by the Ministry of Finance (August 2021), there are about 2,611 food service operators in Chiayi County. Based on the cumulative results of the survey conducted from 2018 to December 31, 2021, the Project has obtained information on the installation of oil-smoke prevention equipment in 460 operators in the county, including 87 night-market stalls (only 4 with prevention equipment) and 34 fish market stalls (none with end-of-pipe equipment and only 22 with pre-treatment equipment for grease and smoke).
V.Conducting counseling and diversified advocacy operations
(I)As of December 31, 2021, a total of 20 sessions were conducted to invite experts and scholars to conduct counseling operations for food and beverage operators.
(II)As of December 31, 2021, a total of four internal staff training sessions were conducted to enhance the execution capacity of the project's professional staff and to review and improve the execution status.
(III)As of December 31, 2021, 11 diversified advocacy sessions were held, including 2 sessions on prevention of oil smoke in restaurants, 3 campus advocacy sessions on prevention of open burning, 4 sessions on prevention of open burning in conjunction with agricultural units, and 2 sessions on prevention of livestock odors in conjunction with the Agriculture Department.
(IV)As of December 31, 2021, the Project has completed the laying of rice straw at two construction sites (400 square meters in total). It is hoped that this activity will serve as a model to establish a new concept of promoting the reuse of rice straw and the laying of rice straw mats at construction sites in the County, so as to promote community participation in the agricultural waste (rice straw) reuse program and enhance the effectiveness of agricultural waste reduction.
(V)The advocacy on cable TV news ticker and local radio stations was from June 21, 2021 to June 27, 2021 and from October 25, 2021 to October 31, 2021, showing CF advocacy graphic cards on cable TV stations of the mountain line (Shih Hsin) and the coast line (Ta Yang Cable TV), respectively, and through running the radio broadcast tapes recorded by the county magistrate last year on Cheng Sheng Chiayi Radio Station, Yunjia Radio Station, Sister Radio Station, and UFO Radio Station, a total of 14 days were spent to educate the public not to burn straw in open air and of the open burning control measures of Chiayi County.
(VI)A mobile loudspeaker was deployed for 90 days during the first and second rice crop periods, with a total of 46-day publicizing for 11,851 people during the first rice crop period and 44-day publicizing for 9,764 people during the second rice crop period. The original plan was to have the mobile loudspeaker move along the streets and be stationed at temples, village offices, and community centers where farmers tend to gather to broadcast. However, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the broadcast was only made by having the loudspeaker broadcast along the streets, without stopping at places.
(VII)The drawing files of the banners, posters and leaflets for the No Open Burn campaign were submitted to the Environmental Protection Bureau for approval on April 26, 2021, and 500 copies of the banners, 300 copies of the leaflets and 100 copies of the posters were printed.
VI. Other cooperation matters
(I) As of December 31, 2021, the Project cooperated with the Bureau, and conducted 89 joint inspections with the Agriculture Department, the Water Pollution Control Division, the Waste Management Division, and the Inspection Team.
(II)In accordance with the Bureau's instructions, the Project organized a quarterly livestock farm consultative meeting with the Agriculture Department, the Water Pollution Control Division, and the Waste Management Division to strengthen cross-bureau cooperation. According to the problems of each livestock farm (odor, water pollution, environmental sanitation, etc.), the corresponding actions were discussed to strengthen the counseling and improvement as well as grievance inspection and patrol of the situation. As of December 31, 2021, a total of 3 sessions were conducted.
(III) In accordance with the Bureau's instructions, this project assisted in the planning of an interview on "Air Pollution Issues" with the Secretary and the Bureau Director and the Director General of Department of Air Quality Protection ＆ Noise Control, EPA at Cheng Sheng Radio Station on December 6, 2021.
(IV)The Project has been in cooperation and promoting with local environmental volunteers and universities and colleges to organize an open burning patrol team for three years now, and this year, we have expanded our cooperation with Chiayi High Speed Rail Station. 78 patrol workers have joined the Open Burning Reporting Group, and as of December 31, 2021, 158 cases have been reported.
(V)The EPA received 86 satellite fire point reporting from the Fire Point Information Platform as of December 31, 2021. Because satellite information is not real-time information, even with clear location coordinates, still there were 50 cases of failure to detect open burning, and the detection rate (42%) was slightly higher than last year (36%).