Owing to the fact that the industries in Taiwan are not connected, technologies for resource recovery and pollution control cannot be shared. As a consequence, it was difficult to incorporate resources into the waste disposal system and the resources were wasted instead. The EPA therefore started planning the establishment of Environmental Science and Technology Parks (ESTPs) in 2001. The proposal was approved by the Executive Yuan on September 9, 2002, and was revised on March 11, 2004. The budget has reached 6.2 billion NT dollars.
The EPA has chosen Benzhou ESTP (40 acres) in Kaohsiung County, Fenglin ESTP (22 acres) in Hualien County, Taoyuan ESTP (31 acres) in Taoyuan County and Liouying ESTP (30 acres) in Tainan County. Park planning and constructions have begun since 2003. The management research buildings and labs in Kaohsiung, Hualien, and Taoyuan have been completed, while the management and research buildings in Tainan are under construction, and are expected to be completed on March 2008.
In regard to recruitment, by the end of 2007, 58 businesses have completed tenant procedures. The 58 tenants include foreign investment businesses and international technology cooperating businesses. The tenancy of the businesses will contribute greatly to the elevation of environmental protection technologies. It is estimated that 13.3 billion NT dollars will be pooled from the private sector, and that the parks will create revenue of 28.0 billion NT dollars every year, in addition to 2,021 job opportunities. The process of connecting industries in the parks is maturing.
The ESTP plan carried out the time from 2002 to 2011, at present planned impels continually, but because only remained 4 year about this plan present time, provided the education and training, the counseling manufacturer regarding this plan to carry on the industrial link and to enters the area manufacturer the preferential measure, including Real Estate Subsidy, the Production Subsidy, and Research Subsidy also along with it termination, then this plan impelled the attraction manufacturer entered and was stationed in the tally company will be inferior that the IDB of MOEA impelled the preferential benefit plan which other industrial districts promoted, stood in the prop environmental product standpoint, the consideration proposed the 2011 later entered the area. Production subsidy preferential benefit plan and following counseling management measure.
The 58 tenants in the ESTPs start to carry on the eco-industrial linkage and material, the energy circulation; the industry ecology link takes shape gradually. It hoped that takes advantage of the construction impetus pattern, promotes one after another to other industrial districts, becomes supposes the industrial district newly the model for painting and has supposed reference of the industrial district renewal. ESTPs impel already to have the industrial district industry ecology, by the construction industry network, the plan ecology link, the promotion resources circulation uses again, achieves the resources to continue forever the use the goal.
Material and energy inventory of the industries within the Kaohsiung Linhai Industrial Park, Linyuan Industrial Park, and Industrial Parks of Taoyuan County are reviewed, the 5, 3, and 3 recycling networks are described respectively. For the Kaohsiung Linhai Industrial Park, 22 companies have signed up to form this cooperative network system, with an expected benefit on an annual basis of re-utilization of 3.97 million tonnes of resource materials, reduction of 4.32 million tonnes of CO2, reaching a benefit of 5.76 billion NT dollars. Potential problems facing these potential networks are also discussed and strategies to manage these issues are offered, as a basis and framework for mapping out further plan of action towards realization of targeted eco-industrial network systems.
It is expected that the development of green industries will establish a cooperative relationship among material and parts suppliers, manufacturers, assemblers, and customers. The integration and reuse of resources will form a complete green supply chain, assist businesses to lower their cost and benefit the economy, environment and society.