This report has gathered the latest contents of relevant international conventions, compared the marine pollution prevention management between domestic and international approaches, reviewed and analyzed the current exiting laws and regulations on marine pollution prevention and control. Propose five amending items to the draft Marine Pollution Control Act, which is aiming to enhance the effectiveness in marine pollution control management at all levels of relevant authorities.
A listed crude oil importers and the associated quantities delivered have been checked as well as the amount of LNG imported based on the Directorate General of Customs of Ministry of Finance. Information regarding to the relevant materials and quantity of oil storage tanks, registered natural gas factories, ocean outfall pipes etc. of the industrial and commercial ports have been checked. Depends on the risk in public and private operational sites, the report has advised the approach to announce the regulated facilities in stages. In addition, 4 sessions of permit checking in ocean dumping and the impact analysis of marine ambient water quality from ocean dumping of Kaohsjung seaport have been completed.
The applications of Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) in oil and chemical spill response in Canada, USA, IPIECA, NOWPAP have been collected. The manual of classification in marine ESI and the domestic on-scene procedures have been revised through the integrated coastline ESI results from Tainan, Kaohsjung and Pingdong cities and counties. The existing managerial capability facing the event of emergency has been re-evaluated based on foreign oil pollution emergency response strategies and shoreline clean-up guidelines. The report has suggested to set up containment and recovery system, optimize the contingency facilities maintenance, and to establish additional emergency storage facilities in order to reduce the response time upon emergency. Information on environmental impacts caused by different types of oil at different ESI coasts have been gathered and the respective best action program for shoreline cleaning have been recommended.
Strategies in the control of ship-sourced waste oil and waste water retrieving is in development, which is including proposals to the port authority on how to manage the vessels waste oil and sewage by port retrieving facilities, and to check whether the vessels have set up the anti-pollution equipment. Plans have been formalized for incoming vessels to declare P&I information provided with P&I information inquiring system. The pollution management approaches in foreign ports have been studied in order to understand the current status of existing measures in domestic seaports, to compile the existing seaport regulations of different levels of authorities in the country and to join the efforts of current existing port management offices from all levels in the drafting of a port pollution improvement action plan.
The 2008 Marine Pollution Prevention Audit Plan has been completed with auditing criteria proposed and preliminary interviews conducted on 20 counties and cities. This report has assisted in compiling the first stage review results regarding to the performance appraisal, evaluation opinions and the overall calculation of grades on committee members before submitting to EPA for confirmation. The report also involves second stage auditing, the year 2009 marine pollution control auditing criteria, benchmarking and associated weight table.
The existing emergency response units and types of emergency facilities of Major Marine Pollution Emergency Response System has been re-evaluated and provided with descriptions and photo search for the emergency facilities. The re-evaluation has also included demands on system functionalities through interview process, automatic system back-up every mid-night, integrated system privileges and maintenance support, inclusion of searching, displaying and printing functions in geographic information system for marine environmental sensitivity maps and the addition of instant text-messaging ability during the event of a pollution emergency. Data exchange interface between Marine Pollution Source Database Management System and Environmental Enforcement Management System has been established with additional functions including permit entry for Kaohsjung seaport marine dumping, the searching and printing ability for coastal pollution sources.