1. The auditing of gasoline/diesel air pollution fees in 2009 has been completed, and the results were quite satisfactory. The total accumulated sales volumes of gasoline and diesel were 9.73 and 4.34 million kilolitres, respectively. The proportional volumes of sold primary, secondary and third grade gasoline were 25%, 54% and 21%, respectively, while those of diesel were 15%, 49% and 36%. The air pollution fees associated with gasoline and diesel were NT$853,000,000 and NT$493,000,000, respectively. These gasoline sales volumes exceeded those of last year while the diesel sales volumes were approximately the same. The decrease in air pollution fees was associated with improved gasoline fuel quality.
2. Coordination with EPA to the Taoyuan Refinery of Chinese Petroleum Corp. and the Mailiao Complex of Formosa Petrochemical Corp. to implement the non-periodical auditing of the air pollution fees reporting documentation to clarify if there was any abnormality in the reported information for this year.
3. In this year, two hundred and twenty-eight (228) random gasoline samples and two hundred and two (202) random diesel samples, taken from fuel storage tanks and gas stations, were sampled and analyzed. All of the results complied with regulations. Modification of the air pollution fees internet reporting system was completed this year and business operators have been using the system to process reports on air pollution fees.
4. Sampling and analysis of ninety-five (95) ethanol gasoline samples and eighty-two (82) bio-diesel samples was completed to update the near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy database, to ensure that it can be used as an instant probing system to measure the ethanol content in alcohol gasoline and the fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) content in bio-diesel. Using the system to test the quality of bio-fuel for comparative analysis with business operators and encourage them setting up a prompt examination system monitors fuel quality immediately.
5. Forty-five (45) suspected unlawful fuel samples were analyzed. One sample was confirmed to contain added kerosene; two samples contained added waste solvent; one sample was fishing boat oil, and one sample contained 20% added FAME.
6. Fishing boat oil with a new formula was used in engine tests in automobiles and in fishing boat separately to analyze its effect on these engines. The results demonstrated that the new formula oil adversely affects automobile engines. The use of this new formula oil in the fishing boat has no negative impact on the performance of the engine. Therefore this new formula fishing boat oil may have achieved the goal of this project. Two meetings were held with experts to discuss the results of the research concerning the new fishing boat fuel formula.
7. A consultation project to help environmental protection bureaus of eight counties and cities established the effective approaches for using a portable density meter to screen illegal fuel and to improve understanding of current illegal fuel auditing practices.
8. Two meetings were held with experts to discuss the standards for olefin and aromatic contents in gasoline, and a timetable for the implementation of “Standards for the Composition of Automobile Gasoline and Diesel Fuels”. Consensus was reached by negotiation. Those results above facilitated enacting of EPA “Standards for the Composition of Automobile Gasoline and Diesel Fuels” on 29th July 2009.
9. In response to the new standards that will be implemented soon, suggestions have been made for adjusting the air pollution fees. The suggestion has been made that they be set according to aromatic, olefin and sulfur contents in gasoline, and the poly-aromatic hydrocarbons and sulfur contents in diesel fuel.
10. The “2009 Automobile Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Quality Inspection and Improvement Technology Conference” was held. Domestic scholars and experts were invited to address issues concerning the safety of global energy resources and the relationship between the quality of gasoline and diesel fuel and automobile emissions. Classifications for the collection of air pollution fees were also discussed.