The objectives of this project include: to promote the government green procurement, to analyze the review procedure of the environmental mark and the second category of environmental products, to analyze the justifiability of the verification fees, and to analyze the incentives for applying environmental mark. The questionnaire results lead to the following suggestions:
1.to provide government agencies specific green procurement priority standards and examples,
2.reward is more useful than reprimand,
3.green procurement evaluation purposes and standards should be announced six months beforehand,
4.evaluation standards should be different between central government agencies and local government agencies, and
5.reexamination procedure should be established, which includes official briefing as well as on-site procurement process.
The current government procurement items have reached 88% of all government procurement. The government procurement list should be expanded to include the service category in order to increase the green procurement percentage. The movement of the green procurement should include the private sector and the general public as well, which can be promoted through education and advocacy.
The environmental mark has been implemented since 1982, and the application procedure has used web technology since 1999 to expedite the process. During the two meetings with the applicants, some problems with the electronic procedure were raised:
1.the user interface of the upload web page can be designed more friendly,
2.the application materials are numerous, but the upload capacity is limited,
3.the review process is too slow due to the insufficient manpower of audition, and
4.applicants need online question and reply service through phone line or web page.
It is imperative that the environmental mark specifications should conform to the international standards so the providers are able to apply for international environmental marks at reasonable costs. In order to reduce the costs to the applicants it is suggested that the effective period of the examination reports be extended, a inventory of examined materials be established, and the cost of examination be reduced.
This project completed 800 questionnaires, including both mark applicants and qualified non-applicants. Two consulting meetings were held before the questionnaires were distributed. Four comprehensive suggestions were made in promoting the environmental mark:
1.the review period should be shortened, 50% responders expect the process finished in a month,
2.the applicants should be provided online review status service, a better user interface, and better bank service.
3.the modification of technical specifications, and
4.more promotion of environmental products, to promote the green procurement in the private sector, and to provide incentives for stores with high percentage of environmental products.
The questionnaire results show that there are 37% qualified non-applicants who do not fully understand the application procedure of the environmental mark, or do not even know the existence of such environmental mark. It is suggested that the willingness of suppliers to apply for the environmental mark be greatly increased through several methods, including holding the environmental specifications promotion seminars in cooperation with industry associations, the detailed analysis of the lack of qualified green products in certain categories, and the improvement of conditions for the various products to be qualified as environmental and for the industries to meet the environmental specifications.