This project has been conducted to develop air quality strategy in Taiwan in order to attain the air quality standard. The stationary source/mobile source control programs and regional air quality management program had been developed, respectively, as part of Taiwan Clean Air Plan for 2016 and 2021. Preliminary strategy of HAP and PM2.5 also had been studied.
Stationary source control program for 2016 aims at SOX, NOX, PM10 and VOC. Various control measures, such as emission standards, permit program, BACT, emission reduction allocation, fugitive emission abatement, and consumer products control had been developed. The emission reduction potential of SOx, NOx, PM10, and NMHC from stationary soures are approximate 60.9, 104, 53.9, and 257.1 thousands tons per year, respectively, after implementation of this program.
Mobile source control program for 2016 aims at motorcycle, automobile, diesel vehicle, and fleet control measures. The program includes：keep new vehicle cleaner, maintain low emission level of in-use vehicle, reinforce responsibility of manufacture and fleet operator, promote new clean vehicles, and retirement of high polluter. The emission reduction potential of NOx,PM10,and NMHC from mobile sources are approximate 129.1, 9.3, and 90.9 thousands tons per year, respectively, after implementation of this program.
Air basin program for 2016 aims at emission cap system, emission reduction allocation, and enforcement. All significant emission sources, such as industrial complex, refinery, and port within the air basins in the southern west Taiwan have reduce more emission in the first phase.
By means of the three control plans, air pollutant emission can be effectively reduced by 2016. PM10 and O3 level would be improved, and the percentile of population in attainment regions also increase by means of modeling demonstration.
To enforce control plans, infrastructure has been also developed, including rule making , revising/adopting emission standards, strengthening infrastructure for measure development, enforcement and compliance, and cooperation with local governments and disciplinary government departments.
This project provides guiding reference for future air quality management in Taiwan to improve the air quality and toward the goal of air quality standard attainment.