環境資源報告成果查詢系統

99年度臺南縣室內空氣品質自主管理推動計畫

中文摘要 本計畫自 99 年7 月15 日開始執行迄至99 年12 月31 日止,主要工作內容之成果摘要說明如下: 建立並維護本縣至少50處公共場所基本室內空氣品質(indoor air quality,IAQ)管理資料庫,本計畫已建立完成51 處,包含第一類場所22 處及第二類場所29 處。為宣導室內空氣品質自主管理制度,本計畫購置200 份宣導品發送,並於99 年9 月10 日配合貴局「99 年度臺南縣南部科學工業園區環境重金屬污染檢測調查管制計畫(含室內空氣品質宣導改善計畫)」協助辦理IAQ 自主管理教育宣導/說明會1 場次。 本計畫為推動本縣 IAQ 自主管理制度,初步篩選縣內16 處重要公共場所,進行IAQ 現況訪查巡檢(含直讀式儀器檢測),項目包括: 二氧化碳(CO2)、一氧化碳(CO)、甲醛(HCHO)、總揮發性有機化合物(TVOC)、粒徑小於10 微米之懸浮微粒(PM10)、粒徑小於2.5 微米之懸浮微粒(PM2.5)、臭氧(O3)及溫度,共8 項。 結果發現,公共場所以CO2、O3 及溫度超出環保署建議值居多。 依據前述 16 處公共場所IAQ 巡檢結果,選定13 處執行環保署公告方法之檢測,標的場所涵蓋醫療院所、安養中心、教育場所(學校、補習班、幼稚園)、展館、辦公大樓及金融機構(銀行、郵局),檢測項目除包含上述8項外,尚還有細菌、真菌及濕度,共計11 項。調查結果發現,以生物性污染(細菌及真菌)最為嚴重,其次則為二氧化碳之問題,超出環保署建議值之比例依序為92%、38% 及31%。本計畫並針對前述13 處公共場所IAQ 管理人員輔導撰寫室內空氣品質自主管理計畫書,以因應未來IAQ 管理法立法後之政策。 為改善公共場所IAQ之問題,計畫委聘專家學者實地輔導改善及建議,待公共場所改善完成後隨即針對異常測項進行複測,以驗證改善之成效。從室內空氣品質改善成效來看,第一類場所皆達到改善後測值較改善前測值低(改善成效率為100%),但若就改善達成率而言(改善後符合環保署建議值),8處中有6處達100%、1處80%及1處50%。第二類場所室內空氣品質改善成效率及達成率,4處場所有3處達100%,除永康地政事務所外,改善後測值皆較改善前測值低,且已符合環保署建議值。 本計畫亦蒐集彙整國內外IAQ之處理改善技術,國外部份包含有香港、日本、中國及芬蘭之改善技術;國內部份則包含有全熱交換器系統、矽藻土去除TVOC、觸媒沸石去除生物氣膠及紫外燈殺菌等處理技術。計畫並分析各縣市近3年內IAQ污染案件之公共場所類別、污染原因及建議改善處理技術。根據中華民國消費者文教基金會、台灣室內空氣品質協會、各報紙及各縣市環保局資料等,統計分析共250個案件,其中比例最高的IAQ污染案件為營業場所及交易市 場,以餐廳46件為最多;比例最高的IAQ測項為二氧化碳,主要原因係由於公共場所常有通風換氣率不足之情形。 於 99 年12 月17 日舉辦計畫成果發表會,邀請對象主要為98 年度(21 處)及99 年度(13 處)經環保署公告方法檢測過之公共場所。透過本計畫公共場所IAQ現場訪查及環保署公告方法檢測之結果,讓公共場所能瞭解到各領域IAQ 現況之問題,並彙整專家學者實地輔導改善之建議供公共場所作為未來IAQ 管制之參考。此外,為適度傳達縣內推動IAQ 執行成效,計畫亦彙整相關計畫訊息/成果見報新聞1 則,並撰寫1 篇論文發表於2010 室內環境與健康研討會,藉此提供社會大眾更多IAQ 資訊。
中文關鍵字

基本資訊

專案計畫編號 經費年度 099 計畫經費 1591.5 千元
專案開始日期 2010/07/15 專案結束日期 2010/12/31 專案主持人 許逸群
主辦單位 臺南市政府環境保護局 承辦人 黃烱棋 執行單位 崑山科技大學

成果下載

類型 檔名 檔案大小 說明
期末報告 期末報告(公開版).pdf 3MB

Implementation of autonomous management of indoor air quality for Tainan County in 2010

英文摘要 This project started from July 15, 2010 and ended with December 31, 2010.During the period of this project, the findings and results of the implementation workswere summarized as the followings. The indoor air quality (IAQ) management databank was established with 51 public sites, including 22 sites in category 1 and 29 sites in category 2. In order to implement the IAQ autonomous management system, 200 publicizing gifts were distributed in an explanatory meeting on IAQ autonomous management that was joined by 2010 Tainan County project named “Investigation and control of heavy metal contamination in Southern Taiwan Science Park” on September 10, 2010. In order to implement the IAQ autonomous management system in Tainan County, 16 public sites were selected for the screening of IAQ investigation. The walk-through IAQ detection was conducted by using direct detection apparatus,including CO2, CO, HCHO, total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs), PM10, PM2.5, O3 and temperature. The results showed that the IAQ problems were associated with the levels of CO2, O3, and temperature exceeding the suggested threshold by Taiwan EPA. According to the results of walk-through IAQ detection at 16 screened public sites, 13 public sites were chosen for the detailed IAQ measurement by using Taiwan EPA’s standard methods. The chosen public sites for the detailed IAQ measurement include hospitals, nursing care center, school, education office, kindergarten, trade center, office building, bank, and post office. Besides of 8 previous detected items, the measurements of bacteria, fungi and humidity were involved in the detailed IAQ measurement. The results of the detailed measurement showed that 92% public sites exceeded the suggested IAQ threshold in bacteria, 38% in fungi, and 31% in CO2. For responding future regulation policy regarding IAQ management, the work team has assisted IAQ management persons of 13 investigated public sites to propose their IAQ autonomous management projects. For solving the IAQ problems in public sites, the work team has invited IAQ experts to implement site surveys and provide the improvement suggestions. The examination of improvement measures was followed up, and the effectiveness of improving indoor air quality will be subsequently evaluated through the detailed measurement. For 8 public sites in category 1, the concentrations of indoor air contaminants decreased after IAQ improvement; however, only 6 public sites met Taiwan EPA’s suggested IAQ threshold. For 4 public sites in category 2, the concentrations of indoor air contaminants decreased and met the suggested threshold after IAQ improvement, except Yongkang Land Office of Tainan City. In this project, the foreign references regarding IAQ improvement technology were collected, including Hong Kong, Japan, China, and Finland. The collected domestic references of IAQ improvement technology include heat exchange system,TVOCs removal by using diatom, bio-aerosol removal by using zeolite, and UV light disinfection. Based on 250 IAQ contamination cases reported in the recent 3years, the contamination source and the suggested improvement technology were summarized and analyzed. Business stores and trade market are the most common public sites with IAQ contamination, such as restaurant. The popular IAQ problem is a high CO2 level due to insufficient ventilation in most public sites. The announcing meeting of project finding was held on December 17, 2010. The delegates from 21 public sites involving in 2009 project and 13 public sites involving in 2010 project were invited to participate the meeting for realizing the IAQ problems and the solution schemes. In order to advertise the project result and finding, the work team has announced 1 environmental news on the newspapers and published 1 scientific article at the 2010 Indoor Environment Health Conference.
英文關鍵字 indoor air quality, direct detection apparatus, EPA method