The main purpose of this project was to evaluate general waste treatment methods in Taiwan. To achieve the goal of sustainable resource and “zero waste” trend, the policy has changed from final disposal to source minimization and resource recycling. According to the “Review and Outlook of Trash Treatment Program” project, the ultimate goal of zero waste has been made. With the regulation of resource recycling, the Taiwan EPA fully promoted the policies of waste reduction and resource recycling, encouraging green production, green consumption, resource recycling, reuses, and regeneration. By recycling resource effectively, we would gradually reach the goal of entire waste recycling, zero waste, and total reduction of 75% in 2020, and would simultaneously build a “zero waste society” as other advanced countries. The following perspectives were achieved and recommended. (1) The project visited 50 local executive government agencies and 17 septic tank waste treatment facilities and evaluated the achievements of general waste treatment and recycling performance. (2) The amount of garbage cleaning dropped from 0.482 kg per capita per day in 2010 to 0.437 kg per capita per day in September 2011. The recycling rate rose from 48.26% in 2010 to 51.48% in September 2011. (3) The project assisted in stipulating the “Fact and Strategy of Septic Tank Waste Treatment and Management” policy and advised local government executive agencies of proper septic tank waste treatment methods. (4) This project kept compiling the executive achievements of “Promotion of General Waste Recycling” project and assisted in drawing up the “Source Reduction of General Waste and Resource Recycling Improvement Strategy” of the “Promotion of Sustainable Resource Recycling” project (draft). (5) The government should keep supervising the management of local cleaning team members to obtain the realistic management situation after five cities were promoted to municipalities, and should invite local government agencies to participate in the symposium. (6) Considering practical operating factors in local districts and cleaning teams’ labor hours, decision makers should determine the supplementary measures of the “Garbage Sorting and Resource Recycling” policy based on local topographic conditions. (7) Suggested that local governments with insufficient septic tank waste treatment facilities should enthusiastically coordinate the wastewater treatment plants to assist in treating septic tank waste properly.