The execution content of this project can be divided into five major tasks respectively: (i) formulating a Non-CO2 GHG managerial strategy, and reviewing and establishing the baseline emission of the principle of calculation as well as the coefficient classification system;(ii) promoting industry Non-CO2 GHG reduction work, setting up medium and long-term (such as 2020) reduction objectives and programs, and establishing the localization reduction methods ; (iii) formulating a CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) promotion strategy, amending regulations and recommendations as well as researching the benefit of CCS relevant technologies in domestic promotion; (vi)assisting in transacting CCS strategic alliances for promotion as well as updating and expanding the CCS information platform function; (v) complementing other administrative works. The current execution findings of each work is described in the following summary.
1. The Non-CO2 GHG management and coefficient classification section, has already compiled a management program and technical information for Non-CO2 GHG as well as for the domestic reduction programs of these five countries; the European Union, the United States, Japan, Korea, and China. This mentions that Non-CO2 GHG Managerial Strategy shall enhance the biogas recovery of the agricultural department to generate electricity as well as the emission reduction of PFCs of the industrial department. In establishing the GHG inventory calculation principle and coefficient classification system of Taiwan’s non-CO2 GHG, the project has already compiled on international guideline concerning GHG emissions and the international inventory statistics of emissions of each nation. The application to coefficient as well as uncertainty analysis and other regulation matters. Since part of the agricultural coefficient of our nation adopted local values to carry out the emission estimation, this project refers to the international literature and the content of inventory illustration of other nations, to estimate the ways of coefficient classification so as to enhance the data quality of research on the emission coefficient of our nation in order to decrease the uncertainty of Taiwan’s inventory statistics. In addition, this project has already carried out statistic calculations on emissions by way of compiling and analyzing the domestic FCs import volume through of the Directorate General of Customs, MOF, to estimate the domestic FCs emissions in 2011.
2. In this section of Non-CO2 GHG of the reduction task on promoting the optoelectronic and semiconductor industries, this project has already completed the verification of GHG emissions in 2011, and assisted TTLA and TSIA member companies with at least 20 cases of the early action project; it also estimated the greenhouse gas emission scenarios of 2020 in accordance with the information and scenario simulations provided by the optoelectronic and semiconductor industry association and the member factories. Also, by participating in international industry meetings and relevant international information collection, we can understand the current optoelectronic and semiconductor and its latest reduction technology application in order to carry out a study in the second stage of voluntary reduction agreement protocol with the industries and experts altogether. This project refers to the 2003/87/EC principle of emission transaction instruction modified by the European Parliament of 2009/29/EC of the European Union as well as the Council of the European Union. It has already investigated the greenhouse gas emission volume and turnover information of the panel industry through TTLA industry association, and evaluated the degree of risk about carbon leakage. Besides, this program has already carried out the installment on pilot factories and tested for about 7 months in the semiconductor pilot industry so as to understand and promote the benefit analysis on the domestic semiconductor SF6 recycling operation to evaluate on the localization of reduction emission technology.
3. In the Non-CO2 GHG reduction section of the electric power and magnesium industry, this project has already developed an SF6 recycling operation program against the electric power industry, and in cooperation with the principles of substituting the project operations mentioned in the method of SF6 recycling and reuse. It has completed the new reduction methodology of the assessment report by the third party certifier.
4. In the formulating CCS Strategy and the suggestion section of for regulation amendments, this project has already discovered each nation’s course of CCS legalization of, to mention our nation orientation towards CCS laws and regulations development. This project consults with “Carbon Capture, Transportation, and Storage Guidance” as well as the relevant framework, and content, of “an outline on the safety operation of Carbon Capture and Storage(CCS) demonstration project” of Japan proposed by WRI, to develop a Guide (protocol) to CSS Technology for our nation. In light of the practice on CSS case Environmental Impact Assessment, this project consults with the EIA mechanism of Holland and Japan in collocation with the CO2 Storage Development Plan of DNV Corporation, to integrate into the localized CSS EIA review mechanism as well as relevant provisions.
5. This project has collected and compiled post combustion capture, pre-combustion capture, Oxy-fuel combustion and other information related to international matters and technology development trends, and applied them to the post combustion capture as the main technology; however, Chemical Absorption is the most developed technology. In the case of international storage technology and relevant plans for trial implementation, due to the fact that the ocean storage and mineralized storage lies in the research stage, it is accordingly, based on the geological storage. The most sophisticated CCS technology is the depleted oil and gas reservoir. Addtionally, through international CCS and storage technologies and the cost and feasibility analysis of the cases, CCS related technology has been proposed for use in promoting the cost benefit and feasibility analysis of our nation.
6. In part of the public propaganda and promotion of CCS, this project held two work conferences on CCS strategic alliances on April 11th and November 1st respectively by collecting the interim results and proposing plans on the mode of operation for future alliances, to benefit the overall promotion of the CCS Strategic Alliance. To assist Taiwan’s EPA in maintaining the information platform of CCS Strategic Alliance by demanding the members carry out project progress updates on a quarterly basis on the platform so that the promotion condition of other departments CCS organization is under control. Also, propose a plan for the division of labor in light of the strategic alliance organization. This project is aimed at three organizations (GCCSI, RCSP, and NewGenCoal) as well as other relevant research analysis of the United States, European Union, Japan, and other countries. Research shows that the promotion obstacle can be diminished by way of different propaganda; webpages, propaganda, multimedias, and other ways to communicate with the public and carry out education projects among nations. Assisting in a CCS Strategic Alliance would actively encourage our country to participate in Australia’s CO2CRC organization to improve international cooperation. Besides, this project has already updated and expanded the function of the CCS information website with a WEB2.0 community function in the work item English version webpage, Google Analytic website performance analysis, search engine enhancement, login interface-friendly and two series of multimedia animation.
7. In part of administrative cooperation and items for propaganda as well as transacting relevant meetings, this project has compiled domestic Non-CO2 GHG and CCS laws and regulations development. These achievements were published in the international seminar of International High Technology Environment, Safety and Health as well as the 11th GHGT conference so that the findings of Taiwan in these two fields can be manifested. This project has already sent two people abroad to participate in the 10th America Carbon Capture and Storage Annual conference. They took a tour in the Decatur Project in the America’s Illinois Basin, and the Vattenfall electric power plant in Europe as well as the CO2 injection site in Ketzin to examine the current conditions of international CCS technical development.