環境資源報告成果查詢系統

建構非二氧化碳溫室氣體管理暨碳捕集及封存技術推動策略專案工作計畫

中文摘要 本計畫執行內容可分為五大主軸,分別是(一)研訂Non-CO2 GHG管理策略,並檢討建立排放基線計算原則與係數分級機制;(二)推動產業Non-CO2 GHG減量工作,訂定中長期(如2020年)減量目標與方案,建立本土化減量方法;(三)研訂我國CCS推動策略、法規增修建議及CCS相關技術於國內推廣之效益;(四) 協助辦理CCS策略聯盟推動,加強民眾宣導與推廣,並更新擴充CCS資訊平台功能;(五) 其他行政配合及宣導事項及辦理相關會議。相關工作執行成果簡要說明如下。 1. 在Non-CO2 GHG管理和係數分級部分,本計畫已彙整歐盟、美國、日本、韓國及中國等5個國家之Non-CO2 GHG管理方案與技術資訊,和國內各部會減量方案,研提我國非二氧化碳溫室氣體管理策略應加強農業部門沼氣回收發電和工業部門PFCs排放減量。在建立我國Non-CO2 GHG基線計算原則與係數分級機制部分,本計劃已彙整國際相關溫室氣體排放指引和國際各國清冊排放量統計作法、係數應用及不確定性分析等事項之規範,因我國部分農業係數採用本土值進行排放量推估,但排放係數建立方法並未完全符合IPCC良好作法所提之建議。有鑑於此,本計畫參考國際相關文獻與他國國家清冊說明內容,評估係數分級方式,以提升我國排放係數研究之數據品質,以降低國家清冊統計之不確定性。此外,本計畫已藉由財政部關稅總局彙整分析我國FCs進口量進行排放量統計計算,評估2011年我國FCs排放。 2. 在推動光電半導體產業Non-CO2 GHG減量工作部分,本計劃已完成TTLA及TSIA會員公司2011年度溫室氣體減量查證和輔導至少20件光電半導體先期專案的查證工作,並依據光電及半導體產業協會與會員廠提供資訊及情境模擬,推估2020年溫室氣體排放情境。並藉由參與國際產業會議和相關國際資訊蒐集,了解現行光電半導體最新減量技術應用,透過產業和專家共同研商第二階段自願減量協議草案。本計劃參考歐盟2009/29/EC歐洲議會及歐盟理事會修正之排放交易指令2003/87/EC之原則,並已透過TTLA產業協會調查面板產業溫室氣體排放量與營業額資料,評估結果顯示我國面板業為高度碳洩漏風險產業。此外,本計畫已針對半導體產業進行約7個月的實廠安裝和測試,以了解推動國內光電半導體SF6回收作業之效益分析,評估本土化的減量排放技術。 3. 在推動電力業和鎂合金產業Non-CO2 GHG減量工作部分,本計畫已針對電力業研擬SF6回收作業方案,並配合抵換專案作業原則,研提SF6回收再利用之減量方法,並已完成查驗公司新減量方法評估報告。 4. 在研訂我國CCS策略和法規增修建議部分,本計畫已蒐研各國CCS法制化歷程,研提我國CCS法規發展方向。本計劃參考世界資源研究所(WRI)提出「二氧化碳捕集、運輸及封存指引)」及日本「碳捕集及封存(CCS)示範專案之安全操作綱要」相關架構及內容,研擬我國CCS技術指引(草案)。針對CCS個案環境影響評估之作法,本計畫參考荷蘭及日本環評機制並搭配DNV公司之二氧化碳儲存發展計畫(CO2 Storage Development Plan, SDP),整合成國內本土化CCS環評審查機制及相關規定。 5. 本計劃已蒐研彙整燃燒後捕集、燃燒前捕集及富氧燃燒等相關國際資訊及發展趨勢,以燃燒後捕集為主要技術,而化學吸收法技術最為成熟。國際封存技術資訊與相關試行計畫案例中因海洋封存與礦化封存處於研究階段,因此以地質封存為主,且以舊油氣層之封存技術最為成熟。此外,透過國際碳捕集及封存相關技術及案例之成本及可行性分析,提出CCS相關技術應用於我國推廣之成本效益與可行性評析。 6. 在CCS民眾宣導和推廣部份,本計劃分別於4月11日及11月1日召開兩場次CCS策略聯盟工作會議,藉由蒐集各成員階段性成果並提出未來聯盟運作模式規劃,以俾利CCS策略聯盟整體推動。協助環保署維護CCS策略聯盟資訊平台,規定成員每季至平台進行計畫進度更新,藉以掌握國內其他部會CCS組織推動情形,並針對策略聯盟組織提出細分工作規劃。本計畫分別針對美國、澳洲地區三組織(GCCSI、RCSP、NewGenCoal),以及美國、歐盟與日本等國家相關研究分析。研究發現國際間推行CCS時藉由不同宣導如網頁、文宣、多媒體等方式與民眾溝通與教育宣導,降低推行障礙。協助CCS策略聯盟積極促進我國加入澳洲CO2-CRC組織,加強國際合作。此外,本計畫已更新擴充CCS資訊網站功能,工作項目中WEB2.0社群功能、網頁英文化、Google Analytic網站績效分析、搜尋引擎強化、登錄介面友善化及2支多媒體動畫。 7. 在相關行政配合及宣導事項及辦理相關會議部分,本計畫已彙整國內Non-CO2 GHG和CCS法規發展的努力績效投稿於IHTESH國際研討會和第11屆GHGT研討會,以彰顯台灣在此二領域的努力成果。本計畫已派員2人次14人天出國參加第十屆美國碳捕獲與封存年會、參訪美國Illinois Basin - Decatur Project與歐洲Vattenfall電廠及Ketzin CO2注入場址,蒐集國際CCS技術發展現況。
中文關鍵字 碳捕集和封存;溫室氣體排放減量;含氟溫室氣體

基本資訊

專案計畫編號 EPA-101-FA01-03-A120 經費年度 101 計畫經費 7005.500 千元
專案開始日期 2012/03/23 專案結束日期 2012/12/31 專案主持人 呂慶慧
主辦單位 溫室氣體減量管理辦公室(停用) 承辦人 李維民 執行單位 工業技術研究院

成果下載

類型 檔名 檔案大小 說明
期末報告 FY101非二氧化碳&CCS期末報告定稿_0131.pdf 9MB FY101非二氧化碳&CCS期末報告定稿_0131

Establishment of non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas reduction management and carbon capture and stora

英文摘要 The execution content of this project can be divided into five major tasks respectively: (i) formulating a Non-CO2 GHG managerial strategy, and reviewing and establishing the baseline emission of the principle of calculation as well as the coefficient classification system;(ii) promoting industry Non-CO2 GHG reduction work, setting up medium and long-term (such as 2020) reduction objectives and programs, and establishing the localization reduction methods ; (iii) formulating a CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) promotion strategy, amending regulations and recommendations as well as researching the benefit of CCS relevant technologies in domestic promotion; (vi)assisting in transacting CCS strategic alliances for promotion as well as updating and expanding the CCS information platform function; (v) complementing other administrative works. The current execution findings of each work is described in the following summary. 1. The Non-CO2 GHG management and coefficient classification section, has already compiled a management program and technical information for Non-CO2 GHG as well as for the domestic reduction programs of these five countries; the European Union, the United States, Japan, Korea, and China. This mentions that Non-CO2 GHG Managerial Strategy shall enhance the biogas recovery of the agricultural department to generate electricity as well as the emission reduction of PFCs of the industrial department. In establishing the GHG inventory calculation principle and coefficient classification system of Taiwan’s non-CO2 GHG, the project has already compiled on international guideline concerning GHG emissions and the international inventory statistics of emissions of each nation. The application to coefficient as well as uncertainty analysis and other regulation matters. Since part of the agricultural coefficient of our nation adopted local values to carry out the emission estimation, this project refers to the international literature and the content of inventory illustration of other nations, to estimate the ways of coefficient classification so as to enhance the data quality of research on the emission coefficient of our nation in order to decrease the uncertainty of Taiwan’s inventory statistics. In addition, this project has already carried out statistic calculations on emissions by way of compiling and analyzing the domestic FCs import volume through of the Directorate General of Customs, MOF, to estimate the domestic FCs emissions in 2011. 2. In this section of Non-CO2 GHG of the reduction task on promoting the optoelectronic and semiconductor industries, this project has already completed the verification of GHG emissions in 2011, and assisted TTLA and TSIA member companies with at least 20 cases of the early action project; it also estimated the greenhouse gas emission scenarios of 2020 in accordance with the information and scenario simulations provided by the optoelectronic and semiconductor industry association and the member factories. Also, by participating in international industry meetings and relevant international information collection, we can understand the current optoelectronic and semiconductor and its latest reduction technology application in order to carry out a study in the second stage of voluntary reduction agreement protocol with the industries and experts altogether. This project refers to the 2003/87/EC principle of emission transaction instruction modified by the European Parliament of 2009/29/EC of the European Union as well as the Council of the European Union. It has already investigated the greenhouse gas emission volume and turnover information of the panel industry through TTLA industry association, and evaluated the degree of risk about carbon leakage. Besides, this program has already carried out the installment on pilot factories and tested for about 7 months in the semiconductor pilot industry so as to understand and promote the benefit analysis on the domestic semiconductor SF6 recycling operation to evaluate on the localization of reduction emission technology. 3. In the Non-CO2 GHG reduction section of the electric power and magnesium industry, this project has already developed an SF6 recycling operation program against the electric power industry, and in cooperation with the principles of substituting the project operations mentioned in the method of SF6 recycling and reuse. It has completed the new reduction methodology of the assessment report by the third party certifier. 4. In the formulating CCS Strategy and the suggestion section of for regulation amendments, this project has already discovered each nation’s course of CCS legalization of, to mention our nation orientation towards CCS laws and regulations development. This project consults with “Carbon Capture, Transportation, and Storage Guidance” as well as the relevant framework, and content, of “an outline on the safety operation of Carbon Capture and Storage(CCS) demonstration project” of Japan proposed by WRI, to develop a Guide (protocol) to CSS Technology for our nation. In light of the practice on CSS case Environmental Impact Assessment, this project consults with the EIA mechanism of Holland and Japan in collocation with the CO2 Storage Development Plan of DNV Corporation, to integrate into the localized CSS EIA review mechanism as well as relevant provisions. 5. This project has collected and compiled post combustion capture, pre-combustion capture, Oxy-fuel combustion and other information related to international matters and technology development trends, and applied them to the post combustion capture as the main technology; however, Chemical Absorption is the most developed technology. In the case of international storage technology and relevant plans for trial implementation, due to the fact that the ocean storage and mineralized storage lies in the research stage, it is accordingly, based on the geological storage. The most sophisticated CCS technology is the depleted oil and gas reservoir. Addtionally, through international CCS and storage technologies and the cost and feasibility analysis of the cases, CCS related technology has been proposed for use in promoting the cost benefit and feasibility analysis of our nation. 6. In part of the public propaganda and promotion of CCS, this project held two work conferences on CCS strategic alliances on April 11th and November 1st respectively by collecting the interim results and proposing plans on the mode of operation for future alliances, to benefit the overall promotion of the CCS Strategic Alliance. To assist Taiwan’s EPA in maintaining the information platform of CCS Strategic Alliance by demanding the members carry out project progress updates on a quarterly basis on the platform so that the promotion condition of other departments CCS organization is under control. Also, propose a plan for the division of labor in light of the strategic alliance organization. This project is aimed at three organizations (GCCSI, RCSP, and NewGenCoal) as well as other relevant research analysis of the United States, European Union, Japan, and other countries. Research shows that the promotion obstacle can be diminished by way of different propaganda; webpages, propaganda, multimedias, and other ways to communicate with the public and carry out education projects among nations. Assisting in a CCS Strategic Alliance would actively encourage our country to participate in Australia’s CO2CRC organization to improve international cooperation. Besides, this project has already updated and expanded the function of the CCS information website with a WEB2.0 community function in the work item English version webpage, Google Analytic website performance analysis, search engine enhancement, login interface-friendly and two series of multimedia animation. 7. In part of administrative cooperation and items for propaganda as well as transacting relevant meetings, this project has compiled domestic Non-CO2 GHG and CCS laws and regulations development. These achievements were published in the international seminar of International High Technology Environment, Safety and Health as well as the 11th GHGT conference so that the findings of Taiwan in these two fields can be manifested. This project has already sent two people abroad to participate in the 10th America Carbon Capture and Storage Annual conference. They took a tour in the Decatur Project in the America’s Illinois Basin, and the Vattenfall electric power plant in Europe as well as the CO2 injection site in Ketzin to examine the current conditions of international CCS technical development.
英文關鍵字 Carbon capture and storage;Greenhouse gases reduction emission;Floriated greenhouse gas