環境資源報告成果查詢系統

擴大建構溫室氣體自願減量策略與落實減量認可作業

中文摘要 聯合國氣候變化綱要公約第17屆締約國會議於2011年12月南非德班(Durban)落幕,該會議雖未達成新的國際協議或法律約束之約定,但確成功的確立公約的發展方向,其成立德班加強行動平台特設工作小組,將協助全球針對一具法律效力的新公約協定展開協商進程、研擬及推動,冀期在2015年完成制定,並於2020年實施。有別於京都議定書以往附件一與非附件一國家雙軌制度,未來新公約協定將採行單軌制度前提下之氣候協商架構,即促使全球主要排放大國包含美國、中國和印度投注實質減量行動。同時,京都議定書的清潔發展機制迄今已推展10年,並持續在減量方法、查驗、審議等配套制度和工具投入完善與精進的工作,致力於加強發展中及貧困國家節能技術能力提升,促進實現公約溫室氣體減量之宗旨。 在全球新協議尚未建置完成以前,現階段各國乃著重國內溫室氣體管理制度,同時遵循國際UNFCCC公約之可量測、可報告及可查證之MRV原則,作為宣示各國家減緩績效之依循精神。我國相鄰之日、韓均亦於近年來逐步加強完善該國溫室氣體排放量的掌握,以及產業減量方案之推動。依循國際溫室氣體管理趨勢,我國行政院也自2009年12月18日由副院長朱立倫做為召集人成立「節能減碳推動委員會」,統籌規劃「國家節能減碳總計畫」,以分年分期之方式滾動追蹤與管考各部會具體措施,優先建構法制基礎,利用法令規範定期、透明、可比較的減量行動,並落實可量測、可報告及可查證之MRV原則,作為國內所有溫室氣體減量的工作基礎。此一作法不僅彰顯我國節能減碳政策與國際無縫接軌之特點,亦強化既有永續能源政策綱領之管理作為。 本計畫延續2004~2011年度之豐碩執行績效,將遵循「擴大建構溫室氣體自願減量策略與落實減量認可作業」計畫甄選須知所規範之目標,於現行研訂之產業溫室氣體盤查、登錄、查驗、減量之本土化制度基礎上,掌握國際溫室氣體減量關鍵策略及減量管理機制。同時考量我國產業推行條件,持續深化我國溫室氣體管理制度,以支援未來整體國家政策之推行。本計畫今年度之推動目的如下: 一、掌握國際最新溫室氣體減量趨勢,檢討我國溫室氣體減量管理策略。 二、研提本土化減量管理機制,持續訂定減量專案認定基準。 三、辦理先期專案暨抵換專案審議作業,研提減量額度用途與限制。 四、配合我國溫室氣體自願減量管理作業,強化國家溫室氣體登錄平台功能。
中文關鍵字 溫室氣體;登錄;自願減量

基本資訊

專案計畫編號 EPA-101-FA01-03-A106 經費年度 101 計畫經費 11500 千元
專案開始日期 2012/03/23 專案結束日期 2012/12/31 專案主持人 吳俊儀
主辦單位 溫室氣體減量管理辦公室(停用) 承辦人 薛加湧 執行單位 環科工程顧問股份有限公司

成果下載

類型 檔名 檔案大小 說明
期末報告 EPA-101-FA01-03-A106.rar 59MB

Strategy development project on expanding voluntary GHG Reduction implementation and crediting effor

英文摘要 The 17th Conferences of the Parties (COP) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has ended in Durban, South Africa December 2011. Following its conclusion the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action has been established assisting countries to begin negotiation process for a new global climate change regime by 2015 in order to be implemented by 2020. This new climate change regime will include major emitters such as U.S., China and India under a single framework, differing from Kyoto’s two tracks system between the Annex-I and non-Annex I countries. Meanwhile Kyoto’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), which has been implemented for 10 years, continues to revise its methodologies and relevant rules for validation, verification, registration and issuance. This flexible mechanism is dedicated in capacity-building of clean technologies in developing and financially disadvantaged countries, aiming to fulfill the Convention’s objective. Prior to a clear and precise global climate change regime, countries worldwide are now turned attention of GHG management towards domestic efforts while complying UNFCCC’s measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV) requirement to demonstrate one’s GHG reduction outcomes. The neighboring countries Japan and Korea have also gradually complete their GHG emissions data collection and reduction programs for the industries. On December 18, 2010 Taiwan Executive Yuan established “Energy Conservation and GHG Reduction Committee”, chaired by Then Vice Premier Li-Luan, Chu, and formalized “National Energy Conservation and GHG Reduction Plan”. This plan contains rolling period of tracking and evaluation processes for government’s policy performance in response to climate change as well as mitigation actions by law that is periodic, transparent and comparable. The plan also responsible for the implementation of MRV as the foundation of Taiwan’s GHG reduction efforts. This has demonstrated that not only Taiwan’s GHG management is in conformity with international approaches, but enhances Taiwan’s existing sustainable development framework. The Strategy development project on expanding voluntary GHG Reduction implementation and crediting efforts (the Project) , while meeting the criteria required by the project tenderers guideline, is an ongoing work based on current development of domestic GHG accounting, registration, validation, verification, project reductions and assessment of international GHG management as the results of earlier studies from 2004 to 2011. The Project continues to enhance domestic GHG management by considering the status of Taiwan’s industries into account involving the following tasks: 1. Assessing international approach on GHG reductions and reflect such measures to Taiwan’s domestic management; 2. Conducting studies and research for domestic GHG reduction mechanism, continuing formalizing the determination framework of suitable baselines; 3. Conducting review process for Early-Reduction Project and Offset Project submissions, and studies over emissions reductions credit applications and usage limitations; 4. Enhancing associated functionalities of GHG registry to support Taiwan’s voluntary GHG reductions.
英文關鍵字 Greenhouse gases, GHG; registration; voluntary reductions