環境資源報告成果查詢系統

氫氣、甲醇、氨、二甲醚(DME)及二氧化碳再利用等創新燃料示範技術評估工作計畫

中文摘要 整合式之能源系統,可供應到電網發電與供熱,並利用液態燃料(例如:甲醇)於交通運輸上。此再生能源載體系統可具有潛在之經濟效益,利用大氣中二氧化碳和水為原料,減輕對進口化石能源依賴,並應用於低碳交通運輸中,產生高價值之最終產品(碳中性燃料)。這類以電力轉換而成之液態燃料,可將所有具有經濟價值之再生能源加以轉換,將水當作燃料生產之原料,並結合二氧化碳循環概念,又被稱為係「永續性運輸用有機燃料(Sustainable Organic Fuels for Transport,簡稱SOFT)」。 根據國際能源總署之2012年能源技術展望報告中指出,於2050年全球二氧化碳減量430億噸之關鍵技術與策略,包括:能源效率提升、再生能源、CCS技術發展、淨煤技術利用及穩定核能技術。據此,本研究計畫蒐研國際氫氣、甲醇、氨、二甲醚(DME)及二氧化碳再利用等創新燃料之研究技術資訊,以風力發電為動力電解水產氫,並結合碳捕獲與再利用技術,進行相關創新燃料製造,並使用於車用燃料;同時,從環境、工程、經濟之3E均衡角度,評估相關創新燃料之成本有效性、環境衝擊與永續性;此外,召開專家諮詢會討論,並派員至歐美地區與國際專家進行技術交流與討論;最後,提出我國推廣相關創新燃料製造示範計畫,以降低溫室氣體排放。
中文關鍵字 永續性運輸用有機燃料;生質液態燃料;3E評估

基本資訊

專案計畫編號 EPA-102-FA01-03-D071 經費年度 102 計畫經費 990 千元
專案開始日期 2013/02/27 專案結束日期 2013/09/26 專案主持人 蔣本基
主辦單位 溫室氣體減量管理辦公室(停用) 承辦人 羅博銘 執行單位 國立台灣大學嚴慶齡工業發展基金會合設工業研究中心

成果下載

類型 檔名 檔案大小 說明
期末報告 EPA024102005.pdf 5MB 期末報告定稿版本

Technology Assessment on Demonstration Plan of Sustainable Organic Fuel for Transportation (SOFT)

英文摘要 Integrated energy supply system such as synthesis gas fuel can use as the power generation and district heating. This kind of energy carrier has great potency in economic benefit where the CO2 from the atmosphere and H2O were utilized as the feedstocks to synthesize the liquid fuel for transportation, so called “Sustainable Organic Fuels for Transport, (SOFT)”. The idea of SOFT is to use the renewable energy to electrolyze H2O into H2 and O2, where the produced H2 can be converted with CO2 into liquid fuel such as CH3OH and dimethyl ether (DME). According to the “2012 Energy Technology Perspectives (2012 ETP)” reported by International Energy Agency (IEA), the key strategic technologies for mitigating the CO2 emission to 430 billion tons by 2050 include (1) increase of energy efficiency, (2) renewable energy, (3) CCS technologies, and (4) clean coal technologies. In this project, the state-of-the-are information of synthesizing SOFT by combining renewable energy and CO2 capture processes were gathered around the world. Different types of SOFT processes were assessed from the 3E analysis (i.e., Environmental, Engineering, and Economic aspects). In addition, the conference and expert consulting meeting were held to exchange the ideas of the potential scenarios for SOFT processes in Taiwan. Furthermore, the best available SOFT processes in the case of Taiwan were proposed as the demonstration site in the future.
英文關鍵字 Sustainable Organic Fuel for Transportation;Liquefied Biofuel;3E Assessment