環境資源報告成果查詢系統

我國長期減碳戰略布局評估規劃

中文摘要 全世界目前面臨的氣候危機,遠超過我們目前還未脫離之財政危機。當然科學家們對氣候變遷的了解已經有很長一段時間,但我們現在才開始面臨其破壞性影響,且沒有人類能夠倖免。聯合國氣候變化綱要公約最新發展,各國政府已同意迅速工作以達成一個從2020年開始涵蓋所有國家的普遍性氣候變遷協議,使其於2015年前通過;並在2020年前找到超越現有承諾的工作努力方法,以遏制溫室氣體排放量,使世界保持最高溫度上升低於商定的2℃目標。氣候變遷給我們的挑戰乃是少有的,所有人都需要建立對氣候變遷和極端天氣衝擊之防禦,這些影響我們在世界各地已經敏銳地感覺到。我們需要加快過渡到低碳經濟,使我們能夠避免未來更嚴重風險,要認識到遏制氣候變遷與永續成長和發展不僅互相符合也是一個必要條件。我們的世界是不斷變化中,透過共同努力與毫不延遲的應對這一挑戰,創造出世界迫切需要的一個清潔能源組合的低碳未來。 然而,若以長期規劃的角度來看,諸多國家將設定的2050年作為目標年。為了將全球暖化限制在比前工業化時代高2℃內,到本世紀中葉至少需要減少全球溫室氣體排放到1990年代之一半的水準。在一個新國際氣候協議談判上,科學強烈地指出全球減量努力之任何進一步的延遲將增加未來減量措施的壓力。我國惟有儘快啟動該長期戰略布局架構工作,透過「公眾參與,專家代理」的運作機制,以「逐步釐清、重點溝通、理解關鍵點、標舉決策點」之步驟與策略,探討未來可能面臨之挑戰與障礙(涵蓋社會、經濟、環境等多面向),檢視何時可以達成該項願景,並推動公開透明參與及重建人民對政府及科學的信心,凝聚全民共識以尋求零碳過渡期間最適路徑。 為此,本計畫將持續掌握國際長期減碳戰略布局發展與因應策略,從建構法制基礎做起,輔以落實部門減量、善用市場機制、強化教育宣導、促進國際合作等多面向策略,結合跨部會及產業科技等多元力量,推動相關重點標竿型計畫,引領我國邁向低碳社會。主要工作目標包括: 1. 建立臺灣氣候變遷減緩與調適系統整合分析架構。 2. 評析長期減碳戰略情境評估工具及排放關鍵因子。 3. 建立長期減碳戰略情境全民參與機制,篩選可行及理想情境。 4. 建置我國環境、經濟、能源系統整合分析工具。 5. 研析氣候變遷政策之決策篩選評估方法與工具。 6. 拓展長期減碳戰略規劃國際交流,籌辦國際論壇會議活動。
中文關鍵字 長期減碳;排放關鍵因子

基本資訊

專案計畫編號 EPA-102-FA11-03-A238 經費年度 102 計畫經費 16500 千元
專案開始日期 2013/06/05 專案結束日期 2014/09/03 專案主持人 蔡振球
主辦單位 溫室氣體減量管理辦公室(停用) 承辦人 王俊勝 執行單位 財團法人工業技術研究院

成果下載

類型 檔名 檔案大小 說明
期末報告 結案報告EPA102FA1103A238.pdf 16MB

Taiwan’s long-term emission reduction strategy analysis assessment and planning program

英文摘要 The world currently faces a climate crisis that dwarfs the recent fiscal crisis from which we are still emerging. Certainly, scientists have known about climate change for a long time, but we are now beginning to live its devastating effects, and no one is immune. On the recent developments under UNFCCC, governments have agreed to speedily work toward a universal climate change agreement covering all countries from 2020, to be adopted by 2015, and to find ways to scale up efforts before 2020 beyond the existing pledges to curb emissions so that the world can stay below the agreed maximum 2 degrees Celsius temperature rise. Climate change challenges us as few issues do. We need, all of us, to build resilience against the impacts of climate and extreme weather, impacts we have felt keenly in the world. We need to hasten the transition to low-carbon economies so that we can avoid much more serious risks in the future. And we need to recognize that containing climate change is not only consistent with sustainable growth and development, it is a necessary condition. Our world is changing. By working together and meeting this challenge head on, without delay, we can create the low-carbon economy that the world so urgently needs. A cleaner energy mix is a critical component of this low-carbon future. Nevertheless, in view of long-term planning strategy, most countries determine the year 2050 as the goal. In order to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels, global greenhouse gas emissions need to be cut at least by half of 1990s levels by the middle of the century. In the context of international negotiations on a new climate treaty, science strongly indicates that any further delay in appropriate global mitigation efforts will increase the pressure towards future mitigation measures. In this regard, we shall initiate the long-term low carbon framework development work without postponement, and encourage the operation mechanism on “Public Participation and Expert Delegation” to conduct the future strategy by stepwising clarification, communicating focus issues, understanding critical points, and earmarking decision points for discussing multiple challenges such as social, economic and environmental issues. Through the steps mentioned above, we may have a clear view of timeframe for reaching the expected targets. This project will rebuild people’s confidence in the government and science through their open and transparent participation; seek wide public consensus and turn this crisis into an opportunity; and search for the optimal path in transition towards zero carbon future. To this end, in order to lead Taiwan towards a low carbon society, this project will continue to follow the trend of international long-term emission reduction strategy and development and implementation actions, and promote initiatives and strategies in the following areas: developing legal infrastructure, promoting sectoral GHG emission reduction actions, making good use of market mechanisms, strengthening education and promotion, promoting international cooperation, combining the capacities of government agencies and the industries, and promoting key benchmark projects. The major objectives of this project’s tasks include: 1. Build up the analysis framework of Taiwan Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Integration System. 2. Analyze the assessment tools for long-term carbon reduction scenario; identify the key GHG emission factors. 3. Establish the operation mechanism on Public Participation for the long-term carbon reduction strategy, and screen feasible and desired scenarios. 4. Build up the national integrated analysis tool of environment, economy and energy system. 5. Analyze the policymaker assessment measures and tools for determining climate change policy. 6. Strengthen international collaboration of long-term carbon reduction strategy planning, and coordinate related international forums and activities.
英文關鍵字 long-term carbon reduction;GHG emission factors