The world currently faces a climate crisis that dwarfs the recent fiscal crisis from which we are still emerging. Certainly, scientists have known about climate change for a long time, but we are now beginning to live its devastating effects, and no one is immune. On the recent developments under UNFCCC, governments have agreed to speedily work toward a universal climate change agreement covering all countries from 2020, to be adopted by 2015, and to find ways to scale up efforts before 2020 beyond the existing pledges to curb emissions so that the world can stay below the agreed maximum 2 degrees Celsius temperature rise. Climate change challenges us as few issues do. We need, all of us, to build resilience against the impacts of climate and extreme weather, impacts we have felt keenly in the world. We need to hasten the transition to low-carbon economies so that we can avoid much more serious risks in the future. And we need to recognize that containing climate change is not only consistent with sustainable growth and development, it is a necessary condition. Our world is changing. By working together and meeting this challenge head on, without delay, we can create the low-carbon economy that the world so urgently needs. A cleaner energy mix is a critical component of this low-carbon future.
Nevertheless, in view of long-term planning strategy, most countries determine the year 2050 as the goal. In order to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels, global greenhouse gas emissions need to be cut at least by half of 1990s levels by the middle of the century. In the context of international negotiations on a new climate treaty, science strongly indicates that any further delay in appropriate global mitigation efforts will increase the pressure towards future mitigation measures. In this regard, we shall initiate the long-term low carbon framework development work without postponement, and encourage the operation mechanism on “Public Participation and Expert Delegation” to conduct the future strategy by stepwising clarification, communicating focus issues, understanding critical points, and earmarking decision points for discussing multiple challenges such as social, economic and environmental issues. Through the steps mentioned above, we may have a clear view of timeframe for reaching the expected targets. This project will rebuild people’s confidence in the government and science through their open and transparent participation; seek wide public consensus and turn this crisis into an opportunity; and search for the optimal path in transition towards zero carbon future.
To this end, in order to lead Taiwan towards a low carbon society, this project will continue to follow the trend of international long-term emission reduction strategy and development and implementation actions, and promote initiatives and strategies in the following areas: developing legal infrastructure, promoting sectoral GHG emission reduction actions, making good use of market mechanisms, strengthening education and promotion, promoting international cooperation, combining the capacities of government agencies and the industries, and promoting key benchmark projects. The major objectives of this project’s tasks include:
1. Build up the analysis framework of Taiwan Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Integration System.
2. Analyze the assessment tools for long-term carbon reduction scenario; identify the key GHG emission factors.
3. Establish the operation mechanism on Public Participation for the long-term carbon reduction strategy, and screen feasible and desired scenarios.
4. Build up the national integrated analysis tool of environment, economy and energy system.
5. Analyze the policymaker assessment measures and tools for determining climate change policy.
6. Strengthen international collaboration of long-term carbon reduction strategy planning, and coordinate related international forums and activities.