The purpose of this project is to revise the current Technical Specification on Plant Ecology Evaluation in environmental impact assessment (EIA) in Taiwan based on literature review on recent developments and research, expert opinions and related suggestion from the general public. The Rare Vegetation Species List of Taiwan is updated in this project.
The project includes 7 major tasks, i.e., (1) Review the research, acts and guidelines published by governmental agencies, such as Council of Agriculture and the Ministry of the Interior, and research institutes on related plant ecology studies after 2000; (2) Complete the first revision of the Technical Specification of Plant Ecology Evaluation and a List of Rare Plant Species in Taiwan based on these literature review; (3) Hold an expert meeting on plant ecology evaluation based on the first revision and gather their opinions for later revision; (4) Complete the second revision of the Technical Specification of Plant Ecology Evaluation and a List of Rare Plant Species in Taiwan based on the expert opinions; (5) Hold two public meetings on plant ecology evaluation based on the second revision and gather their opinions; (6) Complete the third revision of the Technical Specification of Plant Ecology Evaluation and a List of Rare Plant Species in Taiwan based on the recommendation from the general public; (7) Study the ecological data submission systems in other governmental agencies and make a recommendation to Environmental Protection Agency on the ecological data treatment in current environmental impact assessment process.
To accomplish the revision of the current technical specification, we establish a three-stage process that covers literature review, expert consulting and public information gathering. Based on the help from the experts and the general public, we have completed the seven tasks and finished the revision of Technical Specification of Plant Ecology Evaluation and a list of Taiwanese rare vegetation species based on the general principles of simplicity and clarity.
Based on this knowledge gathered during the study period, we make 4 recommendations to Environmental Protection Agency to consider in the future: (1) Establish a system that can both handle ecological data generated by EIA process and validate data correctness, (2) Develop a certification system to personnel and companies working on ecological surveys, (3) Develop an evaluation mechanism and audit process on the ecological monitoring data and impact assessment, and (4) Provide more research funding to strengthen current knowledge on rare plant species in Taiwan.