環境資源報告成果查詢系統

毒物及化學物質風險評估認證計畫

中文摘要 近年來有害毒物或化學物質所造成的環境及食品安全事件日漸受到國人重視,毒物及化學物質局(以下簡稱化學局)於主管全國毒物與化學物質之源頭管理與稽查任務扮演重要角色。有鑑於風險評估所涵蓋之領域甚廣且具專業性,各國政府及組織逐年重視且關注風險評估專業人才認證制度及課程規劃,並透過政府、學校及學會等相互合作,強化推廣之力道。目前臺灣的環境及食品安全風險評估人才認證制度,尚處萌芽階段,化學局委託台灣風險分析學會執行本計畫,透過蒐集文獻及規劃毒物及化學物質風險評估制度及訓練課程,並辦理研討會,協助推廣風險評估認證制度之重要性。 對於風險評估認證制度規劃,本計劃蒐集之風險評估認證及課程文獻主要分為下列幾個部分:(1) 國內外相關單位與組織之風險認證制度經驗及做法,(2) 國內外風險評估課程、課綱與教育相關教材,並針對環境風險評估與風險評估基礎分別進行整理,(3) 參與國外風險分析研討會 (美國、日本),並與主辦單位及與會專家實質交流。本計畫參考所蒐集之認證制度及課程規劃之資料,規劃符合臺灣國情之認證制度及訓練課程,以提供毒物及化學物質局作為參考及建議。本計畫亦透過舉辦風險分析研討會,廣邀產業界、學術界及政府相關部門,以宣導政府之政策,並蒐集與會人士相關建議,進而調整臺灣風險評估認證制度設計及課程規劃。 本計畫結果為 (1) 經文獻蒐集及會議討論後,由於風險分析屬於新興領域,認證制度之建構須搭配風險評估相關基礎教材之建構,以利後續認證制度推動,是故建議認證作為應以修習制為主,輔以申請制及資格考試制,若後續因應政策需求需搭配政府單位國家證照考試,則所建構教材可作為其考試內容參考基礎。(2) 台灣風險分析學會已規劃完成兩冊訓練課程教材綱要,並試辦一場訓練課程,對象為政府部門相關人員。(3) 本計畫成員參與 106 年 12 月美國風險分析學會舉辦之風險分析研討會及 107 年 3 月日本風險分析學會舉辦之亞洲風險分析研討會,並與美國風險分析學會的總會會長,達成教材設計與長程認證規劃之合作共識。(4) 本計畫於 107 年 1 月於成功大學舉辦風險分析研討會,參與人數達 103 人,並於會中提出風險評估認證制度及教材編撰之重要性。 本計畫結論為建立風險評估認證制度及規劃訓練課程為健全台灣風險評估體制之重要環節,亦為培育風險分析專業人才之基石。本計畫透過文獻蒐集及研析,建議臺灣風險評估認證制度之規劃,可與國際專家進行緊密交流,邀請國內外專家人士對於認證制度與教材進行審核與建議,審慎考量認證對象、法條層級、認證單位等,並須逐年規劃短、中、長期目標,逐步進行教材的建構與各界對風險認證的共識;臺灣風險評估認證教材可與國際風險分析組織合作規劃及撰寫標準化認證教材。其預期效益為透過認證制度及訓練課程與國際接軌,使我國風險評估專業人員之專業能力及相關領域之知識有效提升。
中文關鍵字 風險評估認證、風險管理、風險溝通

基本資訊

專案計畫編號 TCSB-106-CP01-02-E007 經費年度 106 計畫經費 960 千元
專案開始日期 2017/12/28 專案結束日期 2018/08/15 專案主持人 何文照
主辦單位 毒物及化學物質局 承辦人 連珖彣 執行單位 台灣風險分析學會

成果下載

類型 檔名 檔案大小 說明
期末報告 TCSB-106-CP01-02-E007_定稿本.pdf 9MB TCSB-106-CP01-02-E007_定稿本.pdf

Toxic and Chemical Substance Risk Assessment Certification Program

英文摘要 Environmental and food safety events have been frequently noticed by the public. The Toxic and Chemical Substances Bureau of Environmental Protection Administration has been expected to play an important role in tracking toxic and chemical substances. The risk assessment certification system has drawn increased attention worldwide through the cooperation between government, schools and associations. The objective of the study was to improve and strengthen the professional expertise of risk assessment of toxic and chemical substances in Taiwan. With independent risk assessment processes and well risk communication, effective and efficient risk management can be achieved. It is necessary to develop risk assessment training courses and certification system to provide the robust basis of risk assessment to conduct and implement long-term public health and environment protection plans. The research team has comprehensively reviewed international risk analysis certification design and training course curriculums from the United States, Japan, the European Union, Taiwan, and Canada. Through participating the US Society of Risk Analysis (SRA) conference in December 2017 and SRA Asia Chapter in Japan conference in March 2018, the team has achieved the agreement with the president of SRA. The team held a successful conference in National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) in January 2018. The draft basic risk assessment teaching material has been proposed and conducted a training course in practice. After the literature review and discussion at the meeting, it is recommended that the risk assessment certification system from the EU and Japan could be fitter model for Taiwan. The research team recommends that the government's future risk assessment certification should cover two directions: 1) Basic training course material planning and curriculum design, and 2) Certification design and promotion. For basic training course material planning and curriculum design, it is recommended to discuss the content of the training course material and conduct education training class in collaboration with the US SRA. The research team recommends to provide information and courses for government related units in need. For the certification design and promotion, the certification recommends to be classified into 1) basic certification promotion; 2) advanced certification promotion (specialized professional fields). Furthermore, the research team recommends to cooperate with the USA SRA, and establish strong in with relevant international scholars and officials at the same time. The certification basis design and a set of advanced risk assessment related materials and courses are recommended to be planned. The research team recommends to plan, discuss, and conduct the certification with the international professional cooperation, and further provide planning recommendations for official government certification.
英文關鍵字 risk communication, risk assessment, risk analysis