In recent years, the government has been dedicated to the development of green industry (including renewable energy), establishing demonstration method to encourage the development of offshore wind power and to forge a green energy economy, as a result the underwater noise caused by offshore wind turbine may be a huge concern in a foreseeable future.
According to various researches, there is great potential in the wind farm on the west coast of Taiwan, also an ideal location for offshore wind turbine. However nearby ocean is also home to Indo-Pacific Humpbacked Dolphin, an endangered species with a population less than 100, this species is recently valued both at home and abroad. The management system of the US National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA) is the most complete and detailed in the world regarding the impact and management of underwater noise on Marine mammals. In Europe, Germany has proposed specific measurement methods and content of specific needs investigation, while other countries rely on expert groups to judge and manage individual cases.
The main purpose of this plan is to aid the policy on constructing offshore wind power facilities, maintaining a quiet environment and containing the influence on the ecosystem both during construction and operation. Therefore, a method must be developed to monitor underwater noise during both periods to meet the requirements of the environmental Impact Assessment. Also a standard operation procedure should be set to facilitate executive units.