Since the industrial revolution of the 18th century, people have made significant progress in product manufacturing. Various chemicals are added to the manufacturing process to improve performances, such as mercury in fluorescent lamps, various heavy metals in wafer processes, which generates many wastes containing chemicals. United Nations-owned organizations have begun for the management of chemical substances.
Many international environmental protection conventions have been assigned, such as the Stockholm Convention, the Basel Convention, the Rotterdam Convention, the Minamata Convention on Mercury, etc. Most countries have signed into parties to the conventions. As a member of the international community, Taiwan should still take our international environmental protection responsibilities. Taiwan is not a party to many international environmental conventions and is not familiar with the core spirit and promotion methods of various environmental protection conventions. If Taiwan can cooperate with the party countries through international exchanges, Taiwan can learn the regulations, policies and experiences of the International Environmental Protection Convention, and can establish the communication channels and platforms with party countries. It will help to improve the management of chemical substances between Taiwan's interdepartmental. International exchange can strengthen the effectiveness of chemical substances management in Taiwan.
This project refers to international exchange implementation strategy and practice of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Commission's Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), investigates the current situation of international exchange of chemicals management in Taiwan, and draws up the short, medium and long-term international exchange programs. In the short-term plan, we plan to conduct two-way cooperation with Japan on expert exchange and resource sharing, and learn from the experience of chemicals management in Japan to improve our own systems. In the medium-term plan, we plan to establish an environmental capital with a circular social characteristic and carry out multilateral cooperation with countries in the new southward policy to assist Southeast Asian countries in the establishment of chemicals management and monitoring systems. Through expert exchange, experience and information sharing could help establish
regional chain cooperation in the Asia Pacific region. In the long-term plan, the plan will promote our environmental capital to the whole world to enhance Taiwan's international reputation, and assist the global undeveloped countries or developing countries to establish chemicals management and monitoring systems, and through expert exchange, experience and information sharing and other exchange practices to achieve global regional chain cooperation. In the aspect of inter-ministerial cooperation in Taiwan, we have six related sectors, including environmental protection, agricultural administration, health, economic, finance and labor, Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration, work together to develop mercury sphygmomanometers. The establishment of mercury material flow systems and the monitoring of information sharing across the sectors are in order to enhance Taiwan's chemical substance management.