Comprehensive chemical substances safety management systems and regulations are development indicators for advanced countries. Referring to UN’s Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) and our Policy Framework for National Chemicals Management, this project has pushed forward relevant tasks for Taiwan’s toxic chemical management.
As the Toxic and Concerned Chemical Substances Control Act (TCCSCA) has been fully implemented on January 16th 2020, this project has proposed 6 groups of concerned chemicals, including Improvised Explosive Substances (IES), Chemical Adulteration of Food (CAF), Drug Precursor Chemicals (DPC), Chemicals of High Concern to Children (CHCC), and Substances Requiring Preparation for Accidents (SRPA), totaling 50 substances. Among these substances, nitrous oxide (laughing gas), has been listed as the first regulated concerned chemical by the Toxic and Chemical Substance Bureau on Oct 30th 2020. As of other chemical groups concerning civic safety, hydrofluoric acid has been confirmed to be the most concerned chemical among the second wave of regulated chemicals. Regarding IESs, the recommended regulating concentration for high explosives, low explosives, and ammonium nitrate fuel oil have been verified, and 13 prioritized control substances have been selected. Regarding
CAFs, 7 prioritized substances were selected based on states, and possibilities of misuse and abuse within the supply chain. Regarding DPCs, we have identified the main substance, solvent, and catalyst used for making N-methylamphetamine and selected 7 recommended substances for regulation. Regarding CHCCs, we suggest such consumer related products should be regulated by their competent authority. For all above mentioned substances, their operation and logistics related information within the country have been clearly described to aid scenario analysis before being regulated. In addition, 300 prioritized chemicals were selected, based on TCCSCA definitions, to further investigate their source, basic properties, usage, threat, toxicity, domestic operation statuses, and how they are being regulated abroad.
Each chemical will have its own profile document with above information. To date, this project has completed 313 chemical profiles and suggested a list of 50 priority chemicals for future evaluation. In assistance of this project, we had held one training meeting, one crossdepartment workshop, 3 expert advisory meetings, 2 regional discussion meetings,
3 policy explanatory meetings for the industry, 3 policy forums for private companies, and over 100 site visits. Additionally, for substances concerning civic safety, we have prioritized hydrofluoric acid, IESs, and CAFs and drafted their management manual and appendixes for public announcement.