In response to the new environmental economic statistics business of the Ministry of Environment and Resources after the organizational reform, the future Ministry of Environment and Resources needs a measurement tool to understand the current status of environmental protection and resource management in my country as the basis for various policy design and performance evaluation. The promotion and improvement of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) is suitable as a basic tool for such cross-domain integrated assessment. Starting from the SEEA 2012 version, this project mainly discusses the Environmental Goods and Services Sector (EGSS), the Environmental Protection Expenditure Accounts (EPEA), and the Physical Material Flow Accounts.
Regarding the Environmental Goods and Services Sector (EGSS), I mainly study the EU compilation method, using "data direct application", "top-down method" and "bottom-up method" for data calculation, and complete the Taiwan’s EGSS account statement Trial compilation of 2016. Taiwan’s EGSS output was 763,349 million NTD, added value was 265,186 million NTD, exports were 175,878 million NTD, and the number of employees was 239,811. Trial inspections of 20 companys have been completed. In the follow-up, data exchange among government departments should be strengthened to reduce the cost of data collection. It is recommended for future development to incorporate the concept of circular economy into the calculation of EGSS.
In the environmental protection expenditure accounts (EPEA), four main accounts are used as the main compilation structure, and the pollution prevention and control expenditure statistical investigation report and the IO analysis table are collected, and then the official statements or final accounts are reviewed, and the national environmental protection expenditure for 2016 is trial compiled The total amount is 301,636 million NTD. By expanding the statistical survey questionnaire of pollution prevention expenditures and testing 20 manufacturers, future developments suggest that the statistical survey forms should be adjusted to meet the requirements of EPEA forms, and the national accounts and EPEA accounts compilation should be standardized.
In terms of physical material flow accounts, based on the green national income account, the framework of air, water and waste accounts and the principles of data processing are established. In the air emission account and water emission account, industries with complete data and high data quality or key policy industries are included in the preparation of the account. In the waste account part, the amount of waste generated by various industries has been sorted out and classified according to the industry and the type of waste. For the EW-MFA part, refer to the European Union manual (EW-MFA 2018 edition), and the 2019 Taiwan’s EW-MFA account statement has been completed.