With the rapid population growth in various regions of Taiwan, all metropolitan areas are growing rapidly and are developing towards rural urbanization. What follows is a large demand for housing and transportation from the people, so construction, roads, pipelines and other miscellaneous projects A large surge. From global environmental issues to regional environmental pollution issues, the earth on which we live has an environmental crisis.
Since the "Administrative Measures for Air Pollution Prevention and Control Facilities for Construction Projects" was officially implemented in 1993, various air pollution prevention and control facilities at construction sites have been clearly set up. However, according to the control results of the county's competent authority over the years, it has been found that even if the construction Complete air pollution prevention and control facilities have been set up on the construction site in accordance with the law. Failure to implement daily operation, maintenance and management will result in greatly reduced control efficiency.
The main reasons for the poor domestic air quality are ozone and suspended particulates. In recent years, the Environmental Protection Department of the Executive Yuan and the environmental protection bureaus of counties and cities have adopted various control measures to control the air quality. The air quality has been greatly improved. However, in densely populated metropolitan areas, dust pollution problems caused by construction sites are widespread, causing public complaints and complaints, and the particulate pollutants emitted by construction projects account for a large proportion of all fixed pollution sources. Solve and improve. Based on this, the Environmental Protection Department of the Executive Yuan adheres to the "polluter pays" principle, and successively levies the "Construction Project Air Pollution Prevention and Control Fee" and the "Fixed Pollution Source Air Pollution Prevention and Control Fee" based on the amount of pollution discharged. The collected funds are used for pollution within the jurisdiction. Prevention and pollution reduction work. Also for construction sites, processes or operations that may cause dust, such as: site perimeter, material stacking, vehicle path, bare ground, engineering vehicles, engineering structures, material transportation, demolition operations, exhaust gas discharge outlets, etc. , The Environmental Protection Department of the Executive Yuan has formulated the "Management Measures for Air Pollution Prevention and Control Facilities in Construction Projects" to regulate the pollution prevention regulations that should be adopted in various projects, such as: setting up construction fences, covering dust cloths or dust nets, and bare areas Sprinkle water regularly, pave steel plates or pave concrete on the main construction roads, and set up car washing facilities at the entrance and exit of the construction site to establish a compliance standard to promote the construction quality of construction projects.
In recent years, the government has begun to attach importance to the construction of public projects in Taitung County. The start of related public facilities has also caused a surge in construction, roads, pipelines and other miscellaneous projects. As a result, the project environment has become increasingly complex, resulting in environmental impacts during the construction of various projects. Presenting diverse influences. Since the scope of construction projects is quite wide, there are many operation projects, and various construction stages are required to complete. Therefore, the pollution caused by construction projects presents diverse contents, including: noise and vibration, air pollution, water Pollution, stench, soil pollution, stratum subsidence and industrial waste, etc., among which fugitive dust pollution caused by materials such as soil, stone, and sand involved in the construction project is the focus of attention in the implementation of this plan. The source of air pollutants in general construction projects is relatively close to the surface, and most of them occur at low locations. They are not easy to diffuse into the atmosphere. They are affected by wind direction and wind speed and directly affect surrounding residents, seriously affecting health, and falling dust (with a particle size of 10μm or more) ) Will pollute the air and clean clothes. At the same time, the occurrence of smoke and dust will affect the mood due to visual obstacles. In view of this, the Environmental Protection Department of the Executive Yuan amended the announcement "Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law" on April 27, 100 '' (The latest law is 107.08.01, Article 32, Paragraph 1, Paragraph 2) clearly declares that ``There shall be no construction projects, piles of powder and granular materials, transportation of engineering materials, waste The behavior of causing dust or other fortifications without proper prevention measures. In addition, in view of the relatively high proportion of the construction industry in Taiwan’s contribution to air pollutants PM10 and TSP, based on the "principle of social equity", social costs (external costs) are internalized to implement the polluter pays spirit, and through the "economic The mechanism of “incentives” encourages all construction companies in the jurisdiction to implement various environmental protection measures to reduce air pollution from construction projects. In addition, in order to further improve the pollution of their construction sites, the construction projects are regulated in accordance with the "Management Measures for Construction Engineering Pollution Prevention and Control Facilities". Various pollution prevention and control facilities should be adopted in construction operations to achieve the policy goal of comprehensively improving air pollution throughout Taiwan.
In order to continuously respond to and reduce the pollution caused by construction projects and maintain the air quality within its jurisdiction, the Taitung County Environmental Protection Bureau (hereinafter referred to as the Environmental Protection Bureau) continues to promote the "109 Taitung County Construction Project Pollution Control and Electronic e-System "Set up a plan" (hereinafter referred to as the "plan"). Through the implementation of this plan, complete control strategies and measures are formulated. In addition to the implementation of the "polluter pays" spirit, the implementation of construction projects air pollution fee collection to encourage all construction companies Take relevant environmental protection measures and implement various environmental protection measures to reduce air pollution in construction projects; in addition, in order to improve the efficiency and convenience of air pollution fee collection, this year, we will also implement the construction of related modules of the electronic e-reporting system for construction projects. To further control and improve site pollution, in accordance with the "Management Measures for Pollution Prevention and Control Facilities of Construction Projects", various pollution prevention and control facilities that should be adopted by construction projects within the jurisdiction during various construction operations are strengthened, and the management Strengthen site inspections at construction sites, inspect the process and carry out pollution prevention and publicity work to guide and control, and to effectively reduce the pollution caused by construction projects and improve the air quality in the jurisdiction.