Since Taiwan promoted the "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals" in 1996, an information transmission management framework has been introduced based on labeling and safety data sheets. And the announcement of the "Toxic and Concerned Chemical Substances Control Act" that was revised in 2019, the special chapter on concerned chemical substances has been included. In the future, the scope of its management will be expanded and the capacities for chemicals management will also be gradually strengthened.
The establishment and sharing of chemical substance hazards and safety information are the bases of various management systems. Labeling and safety data sheets have become important tools for the disclosure and transmission of supply chain information. And, this is the first step in the safe management of chemical substance operation. Therefore, this project has explored the status of labeling and information transmission of chemical substances in different stages of source manufacturing, factory use, and terminal consumption in Taiwan. The practice international management of the research shows that the EU chemical information transmission system has reached an agreement on the classification of substances by the industry. After inspection and evaluation of particularly hazardous substances, mandatory information disclosure, notification classification and packaging requirements are established to enhance compliance safety and security from the supply chain to consumers. The United States, Canada, South Korea and other countries have further formulated relevant regulations to protect people's right to know and to choose for general consumer products.
With reference to the EU CLP regulations, the safety data sheet regulatory compliance inspections and substantive inspections were drafted in this project. 27 operating plant visits and 52 SDS (20 items in total) substantive inspections have been carried out during the project period, so as to grasp Taiwan SDS information in the current status of supply chain transmission, operators and law enforcement officers have different perceptions of SDS. Based on the results of this work, the principle of determination of law enforcement doubts is further put forward, which will gradually eliminate the practical management gap caused by the differences in management purposes across departments.
In order to implement chemical substance safety information transmission, and to protect the safety of chemical substance operators and consumers' right to know, this project refers to the capacity building courses of Chemical Watch, and after taking stock of relevant training courses of various ministries and associations in Taiwan, a blueprint for capacity building is proposed. At the same time, education and training courses have been conducted for operators and law enforcement personnel this year to strengthen GHS classification, SDS preparation and verification principles, and the use of international toxicology database retrieval. It is expected that the suitability of safe information transmission and the reduction of chemical substance operation risks will be gradually implemented from the manufacturing and input terminals.