With increasing risks from climate change, many kinds of climate actions relating to mitigation and adaptation are proposed. In the current study, the suggestions of literature review and related experts contribute to the updated frameworks of climate change literacy and then the proper items are developed. The features of the designed questionnaire in current study are newly global trends included and people’s opinions on climate change policies investigated. 1,106 public and 1,444 college student samples are collected through stratified sampling in terms of the four districts of Taiwan. The results could be the baseline of climate change literacy of the public and college students.
There are some similarities in climate change literacy between the two groups, such as the importance of strategic knowledge and the good sensitivity and responsibility toward climate change. There are also differences in climate change literacy between the two groups. The youth prefer to apply for representative politics to show their climate opinions and the public tend to fulfill their environment concern by daily climate friendly actions. This difference might reflect the generational differences in how to achieve the expected end with specific means. However, television and internet seem to be the common channels the two generations acquire information relating to climate change.