This project compiled the information collected from the United Nations, regional organizations, and European countries and the US regarding marine chemical spill response technical information, such as the IMDG and GHS of the IMO, the ERG of the North America, the HELCOM Manual , Bonn Manual, and MIDSIS-TROCS of the European countries and regional organizations. The evaluated information amoung these collected information included the classification and labeling of the marine goods regarding the IMDG codes, the domestic chemical MSDS information system adopted by the GHS regulation, the physical behavior data of the material in water published with the European consortium, and the response guidelines regarding on-sea and on-shore conditions. According to the above information, the establishment of Taiwan’s marine chemical response technical information should consider the IMDG guidelines and local marine transport features so that the established resource information can relate current international regulation and local needs. The project has composed 15 marine chemical response handbooks and their cards, and 1 marine chemical spill response guidebook including the IMDG codes of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8.
According to the IMDG codes, the guidebook collected information for the Codes of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8 so that the reponse action can be guided when the due chemical information is not clarified. After careful data collection and analysis on the chemical transport information around Taiwan, the annual import and export amount and transport frequency of each chemical present in any of the main ports in Taiwan were statistically analyzed for risk assessment. Each chemical’s environmental pollution potential published by MARPOL 73/78 was also assessed and calculated into the reisk assessment. 15 most representive chemicals were selescted by the risk assessment analysis results, and the 15 marine chemical response handbooks were composed accordingly. Each handbook and guidebook consisted information including personal protection, environmental monitoring, and decontamination processes. The established handbooks and guidebook were then published on the website of Taiwan EPA.
The project also summarized 3 potentials for iniating specialized organizations, including public sectors, private sectors, and the combination of the two. Each case was assessed on the workloads in emergency and regular actions, main power and finacial demands. The comparison of the 3 potentials was conducted and the advantage and disadvantage of each potential were assessed. The results showed that the cooperation of the public and private sectors was the best senario in the near future, and the long term development should focuas on helping establish the response capability with the private sectors and the supervisial ability with the public sectors.
Other assistance included 1 related training, 6 sets of assistance of local public sectors regrading response, 1 related expert meeting, and assist arrangment of international cooperation.